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Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Eleftherios Pelechas
  • Evripidis Kaltsonoudis
  • Paraskevi V. Voulgari
  • Alexandros A. Drosos
Chapter

Abstract

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that is characterised by progressive joint disorder with significant pain and stiffness, which lead to functional disability and systemic complications if left untreated. The direct (health care costs) and indirect (productivity loss) socioeconomic costs of the disease are of major significance. The first evidence of RA was noted in radiological examination of skeletal remains of Tennessee Indians from as early as 4500 BC. The term “rheumatism” dates back to 1630 but in 1859, a physician named Alfred Garrod used the term “rheumatoid arthritis” to describe the disease as we know it today.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eleftherios Pelechas
    • 1
  • Evripidis Kaltsonoudis
    • 1
  • Paraskevi V. Voulgari
    • 1
  • Alexandros A. Drosos
    • 1
  1. 1.Rheumatology Clinic - Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of IoanninaIoanninaGreece

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