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Quantify: An Information Fusion Model Based on Syntactic and Semantic Analysis and Quality Assessments to Enhance Situation Awareness

  • Leonardo Castro BotegaEmail author
  • Allan Cesar Moreira de Oliveira
  • Valdir Amancio Pereira Junior
  • Jordan Ferreira Saran
  • Lucas Zanco Ladeira
  • Gustavo Marttos Cáceres Pereira
  • Seiji Isotani
Chapter
Part of the Information Fusion and Data Science book series (IFDS)

Abstract

Situation awareness is a concept especially important in the area of criminal data analysis and refers to the level of consciousness that an individual or team has about a situation, in this case a criminal event. Being unaware of crime situations can cause decision-makers to fail, affecting resource allocation for crime mitigation and jeopardizing human safety and their patrimony. Data and information fusion present opportunities to enrich the knowledge about crime situations by integrating heterogeneous and synergistic data from different sources. However, the problem is complicated by poor quality of information, especially when humans are the main sources of data. Motivated by the challenges in analyzing complex crime data and by the limitations of the state of the art on critical situation assessment approaches, this chapter presents Quantify, a new information fusion model. Its main contribution is the use of the information quality management throughout syntactic and semantic fusion routines to parameterize and to guide the work of humans and systems. To validate the new features of the model, a case study with real crime data was conducted. Crime reports were submitted to the modules of the model and had situations depicted and represented by an Emergency Situation Assessment System. Results highlighted the limitations of using only lexical and syntactical variations to support data and information fusion and the demand and benefits provided by quality and semantic means to assess crime situations.

Keywords

Criminal data and information fusion Criminal information quality management Crime situation awareness 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonardo Castro Botega
    • 1
    Email author
  • Allan Cesar Moreira de Oliveira
    • 2
  • Valdir Amancio Pereira Junior
    • 1
  • Jordan Ferreira Saran
    • 2
  • Lucas Zanco Ladeira
    • 3
  • Gustavo Marttos Cáceres Pereira
    • 1
  • Seiji Isotani
    • 4
  1. 1.Graduate School in Information ScienceSão Paulo State University (UNESP)MaríliaBrazil
  2. 2.Computer Science and Information SystemsUniversity Centre Eurípides of Marília (UNIVEM)MaríliaBrazil
  3. 3.Institute of ComputingState University of Campinas (UNICAMP)CampinasBrazil
  4. 4.Institute of Mathematics and Computer ScienceUniversity of São Paulo (USP)São CarlosBrazil

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