The Role of Mindsets and Attitudes in Determining Future Awareness

  • Marco Valerio
Part of the Anticipation Science book series (ANTISC, volume 4)


The way we perceive time has changed across the centuries. Some authors suggest that the dynamic complexity of the current world and its intrinsic uncertainty have loosened and modified the bonds among past, present and future. The present has extended and has become “thick” (Poli, On the Horizon 23(2): 85–99, 2015), while we seem to lack the necessary social skills to face the future from nondeterministic perspectives. Analysing the relationship between future and present, I claim that an active attitude towards the present can help us to foresight the future. Three domains may offer useful hints to evade from our short-sighted view: mindfulness, aesthetic and spontaneity. Moreover, several studies show that we can improve our forecasting ability applying specific precautions and changing our mindset. The paper will then discuss further strategies that can enhance future awareness and influence the “living futures” (Adam B, Groves C, Future matters. Action, knowledge, ethics. Brill: Leiden, 2007, p. 198) embedded in the present.


Futures studies Thick present Future Literacy Reframing Mindfulness Aesthetic Creativity Predictive markets Present Future Living futures Superforecasters 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Valerio
    • 1
  1. 1.PhD Student, University of New South WalesSydneyAustralia

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