Advertisement

Social Facts and Law: Why the Rule of Recognition is a Convention

  • Josep M. VilajosanaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Law and Philosophy Library book series (LAPS, volume 126)

Abstract

The author shows that the existence of law in a given society requires the presence of a unitary practice of identification of rules (a rule of recognition). It is also argued that the best way of understanding this rule is to see it as a constitutive convention, which allows the autonomous identification of the law of a particular community. According to this author, just as the existence of money requires the belief that it exists, the existence of a legal system depends ultimately on a set of beliefs shared by the relevant persons. After developing this position, a series of recurrent criticisms of conventionalist positions is reviewed with the aim of rejecting them. These criticisms are: if the rule of recognition is understood as a convention then it cannot account for the normative nature of the convention, nor for the presence of principles in legal systems, nor for the disagreements between lawyers; finally, the problem of the arbitrariness of the rule of recognition and its alleged banality is addressed.

References

  1. Anscombe GEM (1957) Intention. Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  2. Bayón JC (2002) El contenido mínimo del positivismo jurídico. In: Zapatero V (coord) Horizontes de la filosofía del derecho: homenaje a Luís García San Miguel, vol 2. pp 33–54Google Scholar
  3. Bulygin E (1991) Regla de reconocimiento: ¿Norma de obligación o criterio conceptual? Réplica a Juan Ruiz Manero. Doxa 9:311–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Celano B (1995) Consuetudini, convenzioni. In: Comanducci P, Guastini R (eds) Analisi e diritto. Giappichelli, Torino, pp 15–77. Spanish translation by Moreso J J, cited as: Costumbres, convenciones. In: Dos estudios sobre la costumbre. Fontamara, México 2000Google Scholar
  5. Celano (2003) La regola di riconoscimento è una convenzione? Ragion Pratica 21:347–360Google Scholar
  6. Coleman JL (1998) Incorporationism, conventionality, and the practical difference thesis. Leg Theory 4:381–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Coleman JL (2001) The practice of principle: in defence of a pragmatism approach to legal theory. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  8. Dworkin R (1977) Taking rights seriously. Duckworth, LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. Dworkin R (1986) Law’s empire. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  10. Garzón E (1993) Algo más acerca de la relación entre el derecho y la moral. In: Derecho, Ética y Política. C.E.C, Madrid, pp 317–335Google Scholar
  11. Green L (1988) The authority of the State. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  12. Hart HLA (1961) The concept of law. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  13. Hart HLA (1994) In: Bulloch P, Raz J (eds) Postscript to the concept of law, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  14. Kelsen H (1960) Reine Rechtslehre, 2nd edn. Frans Deuticke, WienGoogle Scholar
  15. Lagerspetz E (1995) The opposite mirrors. An essay on the conventionalist theory of institutions. Kluwer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  16. Lewis D (1969) Convention. A philosophical study. Basil Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  17. MacCormicck N, Weinberg O (1986) An institutional theory of law. New approches to legal positivism. Reidel, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  18. Marmor A (1996) On convention. Synthese 107:349–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Marmor A (2001a) Legal conventionalism. In: Coleman J (ed) Hart’s postcript. Essays on the postscript to the concept of law. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 193–217Google Scholar
  20. Marmor A (2001b) Positive law and objective values. Clarendon Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Marmor A (2006) Legal positivism: still descriptive and morally neutral. Oxf J Leg Stud 26(4):683–704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Narváez M (2004) Wittgenstein y la teoría del derecho. Una senda para el convencionalismo jurídico. Marcial Pons, MadridGoogle Scholar
  23. Nino CS (1982) Introducción al análisis del derecho. Ariel, BarcelonaGoogle Scholar
  24. Postema GJ (1982) Coordination and convention at the foundations of law. J Leg Stud 11:165–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Prieto Sanchís L (2008) Identificación y justificación del derecho. Anuario de Filosofía del derecho 25:487–506Google Scholar
  26. Ruiz Manero J (1990) Jurisdicción y normas. C.E.C, MadridGoogle Scholar
  27. Ruiz Manero J (1991) Normas independientes, criterios conceptuales y trucos verbales; Respuesta a Eugenio Bulygin. Doxa 9:281–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Searle JR (1995) The construction of social reality. Simon and Schuster, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  29. Shapiro SJ (2001) On Hart’s way out. In: Coleman J (ed) Hart’s postcript. Essays on the postscript to the concept of law. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 149–191Google Scholar
  30. Shapiro SJ (2011) Legality. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  31. Tusset G (2007) The social reality of law. In: Comanducci P, Guastini R (eds) Analisi e diritto. Giappichelli, Torino, pp 179–198Google Scholar
  32. Ullmann-Margalit E (1977) The emergence of norms. Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  33. Vilajosana JM (1997) El significado político del derecho. Fontamara, MéxicoGoogle Scholar
  34. Vilajosana JM (2003) Hechos sociales y Derecho. In: Diciotti E, Velluzzi V (eds) Ordinamento giuridico, sovranità, diritti. Giappichelli, Torino, pp 41–63Google Scholar
  35. Vilajosana JM (2006) El positivismo jurídico convencionalista. In: Ramos Pascua JA, Rodilla MA (eds) El positivismo jurídico a examen. Estudios en homenaje a José Delgado Pinto. Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, pp 521–538Google Scholar
  36. Vilajosana JM (2007) Identificación y justificación del derecho. Marcial Pons, MadridGoogle Scholar
  37. Vilajosana JM (2008) A las puertas del paraíso. Respuesta a Luís Prieto Sanchís. Anuario de Filosofía del derecho 25:507–536Google Scholar
  38. Vilajosana JM (2010a) El derecho en acción. La dimensión social de las normas jurídicas. Marcial Pons, MadridGoogle Scholar
  39. Vilajosana JM (2010b) Eficacia normativa y existencia del derecho. Teoría & derecho. Revista de pensamiento jurídico 8:103–118Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Law DepartmentPompeu Fabra UniversityBarcelonaSpain

Personalised recommendations