Advertisement

Sulfide Mineralization Related to the Chiney Pluton

  • Bronislav Gongalsky
  • Nadezhda Krivolutskaya
Chapter
Part of the Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences book series (MASE)

Abstract

There are five main sulfide deposits related to the Chiney pluton: Kontaktovyi, Skvoznoe, Pravoingamakitskoe, Verkhne-Chineyskoe, and Rudnoe. The high Cu/Ni ratio (Cu:Ni:Co = 76:7:1) is a distinguishing feature of the sulfide mineralization. The highest PGE tenor (up to 355 ppm PGE, Pd/Pt ~3–4) typically occurs in the massive ore. In contrast, the average grades of Pd and Pt in the disseminated sulfide are ~2 and ~0.5 ppm, respectively. The Rudnoe and Kontaktovyi deposits have the most important potential economic value. The Rudnoe is localized in gabbro rocks of the endocontact zone in the eastern offset of the Chiney pluton and in the exocontact zone with sedimentary rocks of the Udokan Supergroup. The disseminated sulfide in the endocontact is frequently related to magmatic breccia. Chalcopyrite dominates among sulfides, whereas pentlandite is a subordinate and even a rare mineral. Pyrrhotite and pyrite are also major sulfides, especially in the Kontaktovyi deposit. The other sulfide minerals are sphalerite, siegenite, galena, violarite, millerite, cobaltite, gersdorffite, safflorite, loellingite, argentopentlandite, michenerite, merenskyite, sperrylite, and other platinum group minerals.

References

  1. Anonymous (2007) Nickel and cobalt ores. Methodical recommendations for application of reserve classifications, vol 37. MinPrirod, Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  2. Beaudoin G (1990) Geological compilation map Northem Kokanee and Southern Goat Ranges, British Columbia, B.C. Minisfry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Open File 1990-18Google Scholar
  3. Bogdanov YV, Golubchina MN (1971) Isotopic composition of sulfur in stratified deposits of copper ores in Olekma-Vitim mountain area. Int Geol Rev 13:1405–1417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bognibov VI, Krivenko AP, Izokh AE, Tolstykh ND, Glotov AI, Nesterenko GV, Balykin AP, Podlipskiy MJU, Glazunov OM, Mekhonoshin AS, Tsypukov MY, Konnikov EG, Kislov EV, Orsoyev DA, Gongalsky BI, Akhmetov RN, Buchko IV, Datsenko VM (1995) The mafic-ultramafic complexes of south Siberia enriched in platinum. Novosibirsk, Publisher of SIC UIGGM of SB RAS, 151 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  5. Borishanskaya SS, Vinogradova RA, Krutov GA (1981) Minerals of cobalt and nickel, vol 221. MSU, Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. Cabri LJ (ed) (2002) The geology, geochemistry, mineralogy, mineral beneficiation of the platinum-group elements. Can Inst Min Metall Pet 54(2):13–129Google Scholar
  7. Cabri LJ, Laflamme JHG (1974) Rhodium, platinum and gold alloys from the stillwater complex. Can Mineral 12:399–403Google Scholar
  8. Chechetkin VS (1966) Some features of Cu–Ni mineralization in the Chiney stratified gabbronorite pluton. In: Lozovsky VI (ed) Geology and mineral resources of the Transbaikalia region. ZabNII, Chita, pp 54–65 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  9. Chechetkin VS, Kharitonov (2002) Geological structure and commercial minerals of the Chita region, BAM Chita (in Russian)Google Scholar
  10. Chukhrov FV (1969) Sulfur isotopic composition and genesis of ore at Dzhezkazgan and Udokan deposits. Geol Ore Deposits 11:18–25 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  11. Craig JR, Carpenter AB (1977) Fletcherite Cu(Ni,Co)2S4, a new thiospinel from the Viburnum Trend (New Lead Belt), Missouri. Econ Geol 72(3):480–486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Distler VV, Genkin AD, Grokhovskaya TL, Evstigneeva TL, Sluzhenikin SF, Filimonova AA, Dyzhikov OA, Laputina IP (1988) Petrology of the magmatic ore-forming process. Moscow Nauka 232 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  13. Genkin AD, Distler VV, Gladyshev GD, Filimonova AA, Evstigneeva TL, Kovalenker VA, Laputina IP, Smirnov AV, Grokhovskaya TL (1981) Sulfide copper–nickel ores of the Noril’sk deposits. Nauka, Moscow, p 281 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  14. Gervilla F, Papunen H, Kojonen K, Johanson B (1998) Platinum-, palladium- and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit (Vammala Nickel Belt, SW Finland). Mineral Petrol 64:163–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gongalsky BI (2011) PGE in rocks and ores at the deposits of the Udokan–Chiney district. Platinum of Russia 7:253–263 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  16. Gongalsky BI (2015) Deposits of the unique metallogenic province of northern Transbaikalia. VIMS, Moscow, p 248 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  17. Gongalsky BI, Krivolutskaya NA (1993) The Chiney layered pluton. Nauka, Novosibirsk, p 184 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  18. Gongalsky BI, Krivolutskaya NA (1999) Mineralogy and geochemistry of platinum group metals in the Chiney pluton. Platinum of Russia 4:30–40 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  19. Gongalsky BI, Krivolutskaya NA (2004) Noble metal sulfide mineralization in the Chiney pluton. Platinum of Russia 5:225–249 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  20. Gongalsky BI, Krivolutskaya NA, Goleva NG (1995) Ore deposits of the Chiney pluton. In: Laverov NP (ed) Mineral deposits of Transbaikalia. Moscow, Geoinformmark 1(1): 20–28 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  21. Just J (1980) Bismutohauchecornite – new name: hauchecornite redefined. Mineral Mag 43:873–876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Konnikov EG (1986) Precambrian differentiated mafic–ultramafic complexes in the Transbaikalia region, Nauka edn, Novosibirsk, p 224 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  23. Konnikov EG, Truneva MF (1982) About the source of sulfide ores of the Chiney copper deposit (Northern Transbaikalia). Dokl Acad Nauk USSR 264:216–219 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  24. Krendelev FP (1987) About genesis of sulfide ore of the Udokan cu sandstone deposit. Soviet Geol Geofiz 8:133–134 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  25. Krivolutskaya NA (1986) Sulfide mineralization of the Chiney pluton. Geol Ore Deposits 28(5):94–100 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  26. Krivolutskaya NA (1989) Mineralogical and geochemical features and the genesis of copper ores from the Chineiskoye deposit (Northern Transbaikalia). Author. on the competition Degrees Ph.D. Moscow 27.Google Scholar
  27. Krivolutskaya NA, Gongalsky BI, Sergeeva NE (1997) Mineral composition of sulfide ore of the Chiney pluton. Gorny Zhurnal 7:187–201 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  28. Krivolutskaya NA, Gongalsky BI, Svirskaya NM (2011) Mineralogical and geochemical features of rocks and ores of Maslovsky deposit (Norilsk ore district) Platinum of Russia Krasnoyarsk 7:342–350 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  29. Maier WD, Andreoli MAG, Groves DI, Barnes S-J (2013) Petrogenesisof cu-Ni sulfide ores from O’Okiep and Kliprand, Namaqualand, South Africa: constraints from chalcophile metal contents. South Afr J Geol 115:499–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mel’nikova KM (1981) Conditions of ore localization and resource potential of the Chiney stratiform basic pluton. In: Polyakov GV (ed) Igneous rock associations in fold regions of Siberia: their origin. Ore resource potential and mapping. OIGGM, Novosibirsk, pp 203–205 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  31. Mel’nikova KM, Kryukov VK, Belova NB, Kulikov AI (1983) Localization of ore in the Chineystratiform basic pluton, the Udokan Ore District. In: Andreev GV, Sobolev VS (eds) Endogenic processes and metallogeny in the BAM zone, vol 2. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 25–30 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  32. Melekestseva IYu (2006) Ni-Co minerals at flanks at the Ivanovskoye and Dergamushskoye cobalt-bearing massive sulfide ore deposits associated with ultramafites (the south Urals).Google Scholar
  33. Murzin VV, Moloshag VP, Volchenko VV (1988) Mineralogical paragenesis of PGE from Cu-Fe-V ores in Volkovsky type in the Urals. Dokl Earth Sci 300:1200–1202 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  34. Petrovskaya NV (1973) Samorodnoe zoloto [Native gold]. Nauka, Moscow, p 347 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  35. Ramdohr P (1980) The ore minerals and their intergrowth, 2nd edn. Pergamon Press, Oxford, p 1205Google Scholar
  36. Shishkin NN, Karpenkov AM, Kulagov EA, Mitenkov GA (1974) On classification of pentladite group minerals. Dokl Akad Nauk USSR 217(1):194–197 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  37. Tatarinov AV, Yalovik LI, Chechetkin VS (1998) Dynamometamorphic model for formation of layered basic massifs. Novosibirsk, 120 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  38. Tolstykh ND (2008) PGE mineralization in marginal sulfide ores of the Chinei layered intrusion, Russia. Mineral Petrol 92:283–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Tolstykh ND, Krivenko AP, Lavrent’ev YG, Tolstykh ON, Korolyuk VN (2000) Oxides of the Pd–Sb–Bi system from the Chiney massif, Aldan Shield, Russia. Eur J Mineral 12:431–440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Tolstykh ND, Krivenko AP, Krivolutskaya NA, Gongalskiy BI, Zhitova LM, Kotel’nikova MV (2004) Mineralization of noble metals of sulfide ores of the Chinei pluton. Platin Russ V:225–249 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  41. Tolstykh ND, Orsoev DA, Krivenko AP, Izokh AE (2008) Noble-metal mineralization in mafic–ultramafic layered plutons in the southern Siberian platform. Novosibirsk, Papallel 194 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  42. Truneva MF (1982) Evolution of the ore-forming process at the Chiney copper-sulphide deposit. Soviet Geo lGeofiz 7:59–66 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  43. Truneva MF, Gurulev SA, Zhmodik SM, Konnikov EG (1979) Some features of genesis of sulfide ore at the Chiney deposit. In: Korzhinsky DS (ed) Contact processes and mineralization in gabbro-peridotite massifs. Nauka, Moscow, pp 97–107 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  44. Vaasjoki O, Hakli TA, Tonitti M (1974) The effect of cobalt on the thermal stability of pentlandite. Econ Geol 69:549–551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Volchenko YA, Zoloev IN, Koroteev VA (1998) New prospective types of PGE mineralization in the Urals. Geology and Metallogeny of the Urals 1:238–255 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  46. Volfson FI, Arkhangel’skaya VV (1987) Stratiform deposits of nonferrous metals. Nedra, Moscow, 255 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  47. Vorobiev YK (1972) Temperature transformations in chalcopyrite. IGEM, Moscow, p 52 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  48. Vorobiev YK (1975) Influence of ZnS on temperature of phase transformation in chalcopyrite. In: Chukhrov FV (ed) Isomorphism in minerals. Nauka, Moscow, pp 142–146 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  49. Vorobiev YK, Borisovsky SE (1980) Phase transformation and composition of chalcopyrite. Izvestya AN USSR 8:86–101 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  50. Vortsepnev VV (1978) Temperature, pressure, and geochemical conditions of formation of the Talnakh copper–nickel deposit. Abstract Cand Dissertation Moscow, MSU 25 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  51. Yang S-H, Maier WD, Hanski EJ, Lappalainen M, Santaguida F, Määttä S (2013) Origin of ultranickeliferous olivine in the Kevitsa Ni–Cu–PGE-mineralized intrusion, northern Finland. Contrib Mineral Petrol 166:81–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zaccarinni F, Anikina E, Pushkarev E, Rusin I, Garuti G (2004) Palladium and gold minerals from the Baronskoe-Kluevsky ore deposit (Volkovsky complex, Central Urals, Russia). Mineral Petrol 82:137–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhitova LM, Tolstykh ND, Tsimbalist VG (2004) The feature of concentration of noble metals at the hillside deposits of Chiney pluton. Dokl Earth Sci 396:654–659 (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bronislav Gongalsky
    • 1
  • Nadezhda Krivolutskaya
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Geology of Ore Deposits Petrography, Mineralogy and GeochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations