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Metallogenic Province of Northeastern Transbaikalia: A Summary

  • Bronislav Gongalsky
  • Nadezhda Krivolutskaya
Chapter
Part of the Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences book series (MASE)

Abstract

The Northeastern Transbaikalia is one of the largest metallogenic provinces in Russia. It comprises three world-class deposits: Fe-Ti-V Chiney, Zr-Ta-Nb Katugin, and Cu Udokan. Besides these giant deposits there are many small deposits and prospectings in this area. All these deposits belong to the Paleoproterozoic epoch. New data on the structure, geochemistry, and mineralogy of these deposits were obtained by authors for the last three decades. The main results demonstrate the huge volume of basic-ultrabasic magmas intruded in sedimentary rocks of the Udokan Supergroup. They formed intrusive bodies; part of them are exposed on the surface as the Chiney, Luktur, and Mylovskiy layered mafic-ultramafic plutons. The chemical and mineralogical similarities of massifs demonstrate the common source of their parental magmas. It was found that Cu deposits in sandstones are characterized by different chemical ore compositions (Cu, Ag, Fe, Bi, Ni, Co, PGE) that demonstrate the essential role of hydrothermal processes in their origin, especially in Pravoingamakitskoe deposit. It was suggested that not only magmatic fluids but metheoritic water took place in ore origin due to their involving in circulation under heating caused by a huge magmas volume intrusion. Thus, the modern look of the deposits is a result of many long-lived geological processes operating in this area.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bronislav Gongalsky
    • 1
  • Nadezhda Krivolutskaya
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Geology of Ore Deposits Petrography, Mineralogy and GeochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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