U-REE Mineralization

  • Bronislav Gongalsky
  • Nadezhda Krivolutskaya
Part of the Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences book series (MASE)


Uranium mineralization in the Kodar-Udokan zone was discovered in 1950 in the rocks of the Udokan Supergroup (the Chitkanda prospect). But new occurrences of uranium mineralization were found in the rocks of the Chiney pluton and surrounding rocks only in the beginning of the twenty-first century. Mineralization is related to metasomatized rocks and is represented by brannerite, uraninite, and other minerals. Inside the Chiney pluton, many rare earth minerals were found as well. In this chapter, we report the first results (Gongalsky BI, Krivolutskaya NA, Makariev LB, Murashov KYu, Pavlovich GD, Timashkov AN: Concentration of U + REE at the final stage of operation of the Udokan-Chiney ore-magmatic system. Alkaline magmatism and associated deposits of strategic metals. Proceedings XXXIII international conference of Moscow, GEOKHI RAS, pp 28–29 (in Russian), 2016).


  1. Azarova YuV, Krinov DI, Gongalsky BI (2017) About lead-contenting hydroxides of uranium and rare-earth minerals of u-ree-mineralization of the field of Etyrko (Chineysky complex). In: 200th Anniversary Meeting of the Russian Mineralogical Society, pp 157–159 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  2. Belova LN (2000) Condition of formation for zone of oxidation at uranium deposits and aggregates of U-minerals in the supergene zone. Geol Ore Deposits 42(2):113–121 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  3. Brugger J, Krivovichev SV, Berlepsch P (2004) Spriggite, Pb3[(UO2)6O8(OH)2](H2O)3, a new mineral with β-U3O8–type sheets: description and crystal structure. Amer Miner 89:339–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ditmar GV, Makariev LB (1987) Thorium in early Proterozoic and Mesozoic hydrothermal- metasomatic processes (at the Chara uplift and western part of the Kodar-Udokan trough). In: Kuzmin VI (ed) Processes of Th concentration in the crust. VIMS, Moscow, pp 32–33 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  5. Gongalsky BI, Makariev LB, Voyakovsky SK (2009) Mesozoic and Cenozoic magmatism of the Udokan–Chiney district and uranium mineralization. In: Gordeev EI (ed) Volcanism and geodynamics. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, pp 321–323 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. Knauf VV, Makariev LB, Landa EA (2000) A new type of PGE mineralization in the Kodar–Udokan trough. Dokl Earth Sci 371(3):423–425 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  7. Makariev LB, Voyakovsky SK, Il'kevich IV (2009) Gold ore potential of uranium objects in the Kodar–Udokan trough. Rudy I Metally 6:56–64 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  8. Makariev LB, Mironov YB, Voyakovsky SK (2010) The outlook for the discovery of new types of economic uranium deposits in the Kodar–Udokan zone of the Transbaikalian territory in Russia. Geology Ore Deposits 52(5):381–391 (in Russian)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Makariev LB, Bylinskaya LV, Pavlov MV, Pavshukov VV, Saltykova TE, Tolmacheva EV (2007) New type of gold and rare metal mineralization in ancient conglomerates of Eastern Siberia (Patom Highland). Region Geol Metallog 32:134–145 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  10. Mashkovtsev GA, Konstantinov AK, Miguta AK, Shumilin MV, Shchetochkin VN (2010) Uranium in Russian subsurface. VIMS, Moscow, p 857 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  11. Mineeva MG, Arkhangel’skaya VV (2007) A new line in methodology of revealing U and Au deposits in shields and Precambrian fold domains. Razvedka I Okhrana Nedr 11:18–25 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  12. Sidorenko GA, Doinikova OA (2009) Uranium minerals as indicators of formation conditions for uranium deposits. Razvedka I Okhrana Nedr 2:14–22 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  13. Tatarinov AV, Yalovik LI, Chechetkin VS (1998) A dynamometamorphic model for formation of layered basic massifs. Nauka, Novosibirsk, p 120 (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bronislav Gongalsky
    • 1
  • Nadezhda Krivolutskaya
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Geology of Ore Deposits Petrography, Mineralogy and GeochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations