Advertisement

The Nb-Ta-Zr-REE-Y Katugin Deposit

  • Bronislav Gongalsky
  • Nadezhda Krivolutskaya
Chapter
Part of the Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences book series (MASE)

Abstract

The large Paleoproterozoic Nb-Ta-Zr-REE-Y Katugin deposit is situated in the southern part of the Kodar-Udokan district. Together with the Tomtor deposit in northern Siberia, Katugin deposit comprises the main Ta-Nb resources of the Russian Federation that can be developed in the future. The deposit occurs within a zone of fault-controlled alkaline alteration at the contact of rapakivi granite pluton. The ore-bearing quartz-albite-microcline alteration in a combination with alkaline granite form a steeply dipping lode exposed at the surface over an area of 5 km2 and traced to a depth of 800 m. The ore contains 1.62 wt% ZrO2, 0.026 wt% Ta2O5, 0.374 wt% Nb2O5, 0.16 wt% Y2O3, 0.22 wt% REE2O3, and 0.0078 wt% U3O8. Pyrochlore, zircon, gagarinite, REE-fluorite, monazite, and cryolite are the major minerals. Fergusonite, ilmenite, and ilmenorutile are widespread in the metasomatized country rocks. It was suggested that deposit was formed as a result of metasomatism, but nowadays there is an opinion on its magmatic origin.

References

  1. Arkhangel’skaya VV, Kazansky VI, Prokhorov KV, Sobachenko VN (1993) Geology, zoning and condition of formation of the Katugin Ta-Nb-Zr deposit (Eastern Siberia). Geol Ore Dep 35(2):115–131Google Scholar
  2. Arkhangel’skaya VV, Bykhov Y, Volodin RN, Narkelyun LF, Skursky VC, Trubachev AI, Chechetkin VS (2004) Udokan copper and Katugin rare metal deposits in the Chita region, Russia. Administration of Chita, Chita, p 519 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  3. Arkhangel’skaya VV, Ryabtsev VV, Shuriga TN (2012) Geology and mineralogy of tantalum deposits in Russia. In: Mashkovtsev AG (ed) Mineralnoe Syr’e. VIMS, Moscow, p 318 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  4. Bykhovsky LZ (2014) Real, potential and perspective sources of rare earths in Russia. Mineral resources of Russia. Econ Manag 4:2–8 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  5. Bykov YV, Arkhangel’skaya VV (1995) Katugin rare metals deposit. In: Laverov NP (ed) Deposits of Transbaikalia, vol 1, pp 76–85 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. Kotov AB, Vladykin NV, Larin AM, Gladkochub DP, Salnikova EB, Sklyarov EV, Tolmacheva EV, Donskaya TV, Velikoslavinsky SD, Yakovleva (2015) New data on the age of mineralization at the Katugin rare metals deposit (Aldan Shield). Dokl Earth Sci 463(2):187–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Larin AM, Kotov AB, Sal'nikova EB, Kovalenko VI, Kovach VP, Yakovleva SZ, Berezhnaya NG, Ivanov VE (2002) Age of the Katugin Ta–Nb deposit, Aldan–Stanovoi Shield: evidence for the identification of the global rare-metal metallogenic epoch. Dokl Earth Sci 383:336–339Google Scholar
  8. Larin AM, Kotov AB, Vladykin NV, Gladkochub DP, Kovach VP, Sklyarov EV, Donskaya TV, Veklikoslavinskii SD, Zagornaya NY, Sotnikova IA (2015) Rare metal granites of the Katugin complex (Aldan Shield): sources and geodynamic formation settings. Dokl Earth Sci 464:889–893CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lepeshkin SV (2014) Take back the Katugin deposit. The Rare Earth Magazine. http://rareearth.ru/ru/pub/20140411/01529
  10. Levashova EV, Skublov SG, Marin YB, Lupashko TN, Ilchenko EA (2014) Trace elements in zircon from rocks of the Katugin rare metals deposit. Zap Vseros Min Ob-va 143(5):17–31 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  11. Osokin ED, Altukhov EN, Kravchenko SM (2000) Criteria of typification, specifics of formation and localization of giant rare metals deposits. Geol Ore Deposits 42(4):389–396Google Scholar
  12. Prokhorov KV, Sobachenko VN (1985) Structure-petrology and geochemical conditions of high-temperature Na-metasomatites. In: Tomson IN (ed) Internal structure of Precambrian faults. Nauka, Moscow, p 167 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  13. Sharygin VV, Zubkova NV, Pekov IV, Rusakov VS, Ksenofontov DA, Nigmatulina EN, Vladykin NV, Pushcharovsky DY (2016) Li-bearing Na-Fe amphibole from cryolite rocks of the Katugin rare metals deposit. Russ Geol Geophys 57(8):1191–1203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Sklyarov EV, Gladkochub DP, Kotov AB, Starikova AE, Sharygin VV, Velikoslavinsky SD, Larin AM, Mazukabzov AM, Tolmacheva EV, Khromova EA (2016) Genesis of the Katugin rare metals deposit: magmatism contra metasomatism. Russ J Pac Geol 10:155–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Starikova AE, Sharygin VV (2015) Alumofluorite minerals from the rocks of the Katugin rare metals deposit. In: Structure and geodynamics. IZK, Irkutsk, pp 180–181 (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bronislav Gongalsky
    • 1
  • Nadezhda Krivolutskaya
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Geology of Ore Deposits Petrography, Mineralogy and GeochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations