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Landscape Evolution and Occupation History in the Vicinity of Amasya

  • M. Korhan Erturaç
Chapter
Part of the World Geomorphological Landscapes book series (WGLC)

Abstract

The modern city of Amasya (NE Central Turkey), hometown of the great geographer Strabo, is a former fortified city of antiquity built in a unique geological and geomorphological setting of a narrow gorge. The gorge is carved into the mountains of the Pontide Range, which connects a major river, Yeşilırmak of the Central Anatolian drainage network, to the Black Sea. Although the kings of Pontus founded the city during the Hellenistic Period, the remains of human occupation of the surroundings can be traced back to the Middle Paleolithic. Continuous settlement during the historical times makes possible to see monuments from different cultures, from Hellenistic to Roman and Seljuk to Ottoman Periods. The city, from foundation to modern times, has direct interaction with the landforms and also with the evolution of the landscape under control of different geomorphological processes. This paper is an attempt to relate this interaction within the cultural geology perspective.

Keywords

Landscape evolution Occupation history Amasya Cultural geology 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper is based on observations and thoughts from the author’s dissertation (2003–2009) that are assembled within the concept of “Cultural Geology”, after the kind invitation by the editors of this volume. The structure is mainly inspired by A. Gabriel’s work in early–mid-twentieth century AD and also by detailed studies of Doğan Alp, Okan Tüysüz and Bora Rojay. I would like to thank local sentients Hasan Varış and Aydın Babacan who are already a part of the landscape and history of Amasya. The discussions and contributions by Banu Doğan, Ozan Erdal, Berkay Dinçer, Işıl Kalpkırmaz and Çiğdem Lüle are also acknowledged. This paper is dedicated to Werner H. Schnuchel, who passed away unexpectedly, shortly after a fruitful discussion on this paper. It is also a salute to his continuous effort to document the extinct rural architecture of Anatolia.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographySakarya UniversitySerdivan, SakaryaTurkey

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