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The Köroğlu Mountains: The Most Settled Highlands of Anatolia

  • Nizamettin KazancıEmail author
  • Yaşar Suludere
Chapter
Part of the World Geomorphological Landscapes book series (WGLC)

Abstract

The Köroğlu Mountains between Sakarya and Kızılırmak rivers form the inner part of the western Pontides. They are 550 km long and 40–60 km in width, with a mean elevation of ca 1800 m a.s.l. The highest point is 2399 m at Mt. Köroğlu, a large stratovolcano that gives its name to the entire highland area. Geographically, these mountains constitute the transitional zone between central and northern Anatolia and therefore have a high geo- and biodiversity. The Köroğlu Mountains have been much more widely used for permanent and temporary (yayla) settlements than other highlands in the country. Essentially, this socio-geographic emphasis has a long-standing basis that stretches from ancient civilizations to the present.

Keywords

Köroğlu Mountains Settled highlands Geoconservation “yayla” 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Ali İhsan Gevrek (1954–2008) who spent his academic life working on geothermal weathering and pyroclastic rocks. One of the authors (NK) is grateful to Ahmet Türkecan (MTA) for discussing the Köroğlu volcanics and providing some literature.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geological Engineering DepartmentAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.JEMİRKO-Jeolojik Mirası Koruma Derneği (The Turkish Association for Conservation of Geological Heritage)AnkaraTurkey

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