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Salted Landscapes in the Tuz Gölü (Central Anatolia): The End Stage of a Tertiary Basin

  • Erman ÖzsayınEmail author
  • Alper Gürbüz
  • Catherine Kuzucuoğlu
  • Burçin Erdoğu
Chapter
Part of the World Geomorphological Landscapes book series (WGLC)

Abstract

Tuz Gölü (Salt Lake) is a large salt lake located in the heart of Anatolia. Long-term morphological development of the lake is controlled by the Tuz Gölü Fault Zone and the İnönü-Eskişehir Fault System. The Central Black Sea Mountains in the north and the Taurus Mountain Belt in the south are major climatic barriers generating a precipitation shadow effect on the Anatolian Plateau that worsens the continental climatic conditions characterized here by cold winter, hot summer and relative dryness. Climate, together with active tectonics, let Tuz Gölü to preserve a water depth of maximum 1.5 m. Besides the natural beauty of the outstanding landscapes provided by this shining white lake, numerous salt farms are spread over the lake and neighbouring small lakes. Archaeological data evidence that salt exploitation and trade centres around Tuz Gölü were established since prehistoric and during ancient historic times. This natural and cultural heritage is now threatened by anthropogenic and climatic factors that might lead to its disappearance in a foreseeable future.

Keywords

Central Anatolia Tuz Gölü Salt lake Evaporite Salt dome Ancient salt trade 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Mr. Yahya Cihan Darıcı and his company Vecihi Yüksek Çekim Teknolojisi for the visualization of aerial photographs.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erman Özsayın
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alper Gürbüz
    • 2
  • Catherine Kuzucuoğlu
    • 3
  • Burçin Erdoğu
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Geological EngineeringHacettepe UniversityCankaya Turkey
  2. 2.Department of Geological EngineeringNiğde UniversityNiğdeTurkey
  3. 3.Laboratory of Physical Geography (LGP, UMR 8591)CNRS, Universities of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne and Paris 12 U-PecMeudonFrance
  4. 4.Department of ArchaeologyTrakya UniversityEdirneTurkey

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