Less-Common Carbon Nanostructures

  • Boris Ildusovich Kharisov
  • Oxana Vasilievna Kharissova


When the area of nanotechnology began to develop intensively as an independent field in the frontiers of physics, chemistry, materials chemistry and physics, medicine, biology, and other disciplines two decades ago, terms such as “nanoparticle,” “nanopowder,” “nanotube,” and “nanoplate,” and other terms related to shape rapidly became very common. At the same time, during the last years, efforts of researchers have led to reports of a large number of the nanostructure types mentioned earlier and the discovery of rarer species, such as “nanodumbbells,” “nanoflowers,” “nanorices,” “nanolines,” “nanotowers,” “nanoshuttles,” “nanobowlings,” “nanowheels,” “nanofans,” “nanopencils,” “nanotrees,” “nanoarrows,” “nanonails,” “nanobottles,” and “nanovolcanoes,” among many others.


Rare nanocarbons Atomic carbon Elongated nanocarbons Nanocages Nanoflowers Nanosponges 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boris Ildusovich Kharisov
    • 1
  • Oxana Vasilievna Kharissova
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo LeónMonterreyMexico

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