Regional Eco-security: Concept, Principles and Pattern Design

  • Liding ChenEmail author
  • Ranhao Sun
  • Lei Yang


As a popular topic, eco-security has recently received much attention in China. However, some unexpected outcomes related to eco-security often happened in China since few people understand its real meaning and little practices were implemented. In fact, the issues associated with eco-security involve all aspects of human societies. The nature of eco-security is to balance the relationship between nature and human and between ecosystem restoration and environmental background. Eco-security is an ambitious target on socio-economic development and human surviving in the long term. In this chapter, we discuss the objectives, principles, and frameworks in regional eco-security pattern design. Contrary to the conceptual eco-security, regional eco-security pattern design emphasizes the practice on ecosystem restoration and landscape optimization. It is required to set specific objectives in a foreseeable period and to make every effort in resolving key issues faced by humans. In regional eco-security pattern design, biodiversity should be properly maintained or restored, the integrity of ecosystem and ecological processes needs to be kept, the local environmental issues have to be resolved, and the human needs on daily life, production and recreation in a foreseeable period have to be achieved. Finally, we analyze some practical cases on regional eco-security pattern design.


Eco-security Regional eco-security pattern Pattern design Sustainability 



This research was partly supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Project No. 2016YFC0503000).


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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