Challenges Towards Ecological Sustainability in China: An Introduction

  • Xiaojun YangEmail author
  • Shijun Jiang


As a rising global superpower, China is facing grave challenges for economic and social prosperity because of diminishing natural resources and deteriorating environmental health. There has been an urgent need to conduct extensive research on sustainability that can help implement the eco-environmental protection and battle against pollution plans drafted by China’s central government. Within this context, a book on some major ecological sustainability issues in China is timely. This chapter discusses the motivation behind this book project, provides an overview on the historical development of sustainability and the nature of sustainability science, introduces some major methods appropriate for ecological sustainability research, and previews the book structure. It concludes by highlighting several areas deserving further research.


Ecological sustainability Sustainability science Spatially explicit approaches Socio-environmental systems China 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Groundwater and Earth Sciences, Key Laboratory of Eutrophication and Red Tide Prevention of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes, Jinan UniversityGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Institute of Groundwater and Earth Sciences, Jinan UniversityGuangzhouChina

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