Industrial Multimodal Processes

  • Vasileios KanellopoulosEmail author
  • Costas Kiparissides


Polyolefins are the most widely used plastics today due to their low production cost and wide range of applications (packaging and other disposables, building and construction, agriculture, appliances, transportation, electrics and electronics, furniture, communication, automotive industry, etc.). It is well acknowledged that the degree of technological and scientific sophistication in relation to the catalytic polyolefin manufacturing has no equal among other synthetic polymer production processes. Presently, the total polyolefin world-production exceeds 130 million tons per year covering around 45% of the total plastic production (about 1.5 times the steel consumption in volume).


Multimodality Reactor Polymerization Reactor technologies Multimodal process Slurry reactor Gas-phase reactor Borstar process Advanced cascade process Spherilene C Spheripol Hypol Unipol Spherizone Multi-zone circulating reactor 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Borealis PolymersPorvooFinland
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  3. 3.Centre for Research and Technology Hellas, Chemical Process and Energy Resources InstituteThessalonikiGreece

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