Crimilegal Order: What’s Behind a Term?

  • Markus Schultze-Kraft


The crimilegal order is an ideal-type of a hybrid political order characterised by the blurring of the moral, normative and social boundaries between (formal) legality-legitimacy, on the one hand, and illegality-illegitimacy and criminality-morality on the other. This characterisation of crimilegal orders is developed based on a critical discussion of Weber’s notion of the rational-legal order and the—questionable—idea that in modern political orders legitimacy always flows from legality. Insights drawn from the literatures on legal pluralism, neopatrimonialism, fragile statehood and hybrid political orders further substantiate the concept of the crimilegal order, which is broken down into the consolidated and contested crimilegal order and contrasted with the consolidated and contested rational-legal order.


Crimilegal order Crimilegality-crimilegitimacy spectrum Hybrid political order Legality Legitimacy Morality 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Schultze-Kraft
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad IcesiCaliColombia

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