Advertisement

Power System Restoration Using DFIG-Based Wind Farms and VSC-HVDC Transmission Systems

  • Nilanjan Ray Chaudhuri
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter focuses on restoration of AC grids using doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind farms and voltage source converter (VSC) HVDC systems. During the black-start process, the system becomes extremely weak and study of restoration following a blackout becomes challenging due to a wide bandwidth of interest. A “Hybrid” simulation platform that allows representation of a portion of the grid using detailed three-phase electromagnetic transient (EMT)-type models and the rest of the grid by phasor model is described to simulate the black-start process. The results from the Hybrid and the non-Hybrid simulations are compared. Finally, a phasor-measurement unit (PMU)-assisted restoration process involving DFIG-based wind farms and VSC-HVDC link is presented using the Hybrid simulation platform.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Results reported in this chapter are developed based on research papers [10, 11] published from my group, which are reproduced with permission of the Institution of Engineering & Technology (IET) and IEEE. Graduate student involved in producing these results is Mr. Pooyan Moradi Farsani. Most of the research material was produced with support from NSF grant award ECCS1656983.

References

  1. 1.
    Adibi, M.M., Borkoski, J.N., Kafka, R.J.: Power system restoration - the second task force report. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. 2(4), 927–932 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aktarujjaman, M., Kashem, M., Negnevitsky, M., Ledwich, G.: Black start with DFIG based distributed generation after major emergencies. In: International Conference on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems, 2006 (PEDES ’06), pp. 1–6 (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Angeholm, E.: Cold load pickup. Department of Electric Power Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology (1990)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bahrman, M., Bjorklund, P.E.: The new black start: system restoration with help from voltage-sourced converters. IEEE Power Energy Mag. 12(1), 44–53 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barsali, S., Poli, D., Pratico, A., Salvati, R., Sforna, M., Zaottini, R.: Restoration islands supplied by gas turbines. Electr. Power Syst. Res. 78(12), 2004–2010 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dang, J., Harley, R.G.: Islanded microgrids black start procedures with wind power integration. In: 2013 IEEE Power Energy Society General Meeting, pp. 1–5 (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
    E-TRAN, ELECTRANIX Corporation, Winnipeg, Canada. http://www.electranix.com/E-TRAN/
  9. 9.
    E-TRAN PLUS, ELECTRANIX Corporation, Winnipeg, Canada. http://www.electranix.com/software/e-tran-plus/
  10. 10.
    Farsani, P.M., Chaudhuri, N.R., Majumder, R.: Hybrid simulation platform for VSC-HVDC-assisted large-scale system restoration studies. In: 2016 IEEE Power Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT), pp. 1–5 (2016)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Farsani, P.M., Vennelaganti, S.G., Chaudhuri, N.R.: Synchrophasor-enabled power grid restoration with DFIG-based wind farms and VSC-HVDC transmission system. IET Gener. Transm. Distrib. 12(6), 1339–1345 (2018)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Feltes, J.W., Grande-Moran, C., Duggan, P., Kalinowsky, S., Zamzam, M., Kotecha, V.C., de Mello, F.P.: Some considerations in the development of restoration plans for electric utilities serving large metropolitan areas. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. 21(2), 909–915 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
    Jiang-Hafner, Y., Duchen, H., Karlsson, M., Ronstrom, L., Abrahamsson, B.: HVDC with voltage source converters - a powerful standby black start facility. In: IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T&D), 2008, pp. 1–9 (2008)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kafka, R.J.: Review of PJM restoration practices and NERC restoration standards. In: 2008 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting - Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century, pp. 1–5 (2008)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Li, G., Zhao, C., Zhang, X., Li, G.: Research on “soft start-up” of VSC-HVDC in power system restoration after blackouts. In: 2007 2nd IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (2007)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Li, S., Zhou, M., Liu, Z., Zhang, J., Li, Y.: A study on VSC-HVDC based black start compared with traditional black start. In: 2009 International Conference on Sustainable Power Generation and Supply (SUPERGEN ’09), pp. 1–6 (2009)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Li, J., Su, J., Yang, X., Zhao, T.: Study on microgrid operation control and black start. In: 2011 4th International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies (DRPT), pp. 1652–1655 (2011)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Liu, Y., Fan, R., Terzija, V.: Power system restoration: a literature review from 2006 to 2016. J. Mod. Power Syst. Clean Energy 4(3), 332–341 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
    Pena, R., Clare, J.C., Asher, G.M.: Doubly fed induction generator using back-to-back PWM converters and its application to variable-speed wind-energy generation. IEE Proc. Electr. Power Appl. 143(3), 231–241 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    PSCAD/EMTDC v. 4.2.1, Manitoba HVDC Research Centre, Winnipeg, MB, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    PSS/E, Program Operation Manual. SIEMENS Power Technologies, New York, USAGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Qiu, F., Wang, J., Chen, C., Tong, J.: Optimal black start resource allocation. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. 31(3), 2493–2494 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Seca, L., Costa, H., Moreira, C.L., Lopes, J.A.P.: An innovative strategy for power system restoration using utility scale wind parks. In: 2013 IREP Symposium-Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control - IX (IREP), Rethymnon, pp. 1–8 (2013)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sun, W., Golshani, A.: Harnessing renewables in power system restoration. In: 2015 IEEE PES General Meeting, Denver, pp. 1–8 (2015)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Tang, Y., Dai, J., Wang, Q., Feng, Y.: Frequency control strategy for black starts via PMSG-based wind power generation. Energies 10(3), 358 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Thale, S., Agarwal, V.: A smart control strategy for the black start of a microgrid based on PV and other auxiliary sources under islanded condition. In: 2011 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (2011)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Yazdani, A., Iravani, R.: Voltage-Sourced Converters in Power Systems: Modeling, Control, and Applications. Wiley, Oxford (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zhou, M., Li, S., Zhang, J., Liu, Z., Li, Y.: A study on the black start capability of VSC-HVDC using soft-starting mode. In: IEEE 6th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference, 2009 (IPEMC ’09), pp. 910–914 (2009)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhu, H., Liu, Y.: Aspects of power system restoration considering wind farms. In: International Conference on Sustainable Power Generation and Supply (SUPERGEN 2012), pp. 1–5 (2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nilanjan Ray Chaudhuri
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations