Advertisement

Introduction

  • Nilanjan Ray Chaudhuri
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter gives a brief background of the context and scope of this monograph. To that end, the relevance of performing research on integration of wind energy in a weak grid scenario using high voltage direct current (HVDC) technology is presented. Different wind energy conversion technologies are introduced followed by line-commutated converter (LCC) and voltage source converter (VSC) technologies. Next, the concept of multiterminal direct current (MTDC) grids is presented. Finally, the focus and scope of the monograph is elaborated. The first focus is on the challenge of regulating frequency in a weak grid interfacing LCC-HVDC and wind farms. The second problem is restoration of weak grids using wind farms and VSC-HVDC. The final problem deals with integration of wind farms through MTDC grids and provision of frequency support to weak asynchronous AC grids.

References

  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    Arrillaga, J., Smith, B.D.: AC-DC Power System Analysis. Institution of Electrical Engineers, Stevenage (1998)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Arrillaga, J., Liu, Y.H., Watson, N.R.: Flexible Power Transmission: The HVDC Options. Wiley, Chichester (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
    Ball, W.C., Poarch, C.K.: Telephone influence factor (TIF) and its measurement. Trans. Am. Inst. Electr. Eng. Part I Commun. Electron. 79(6), 659–664 (1961)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Baoshu, P., Hong, R., Jianguo, Y., Albrecht, H., Huang, H., Lips, H., Sadek, K., Weingarten, U.: Tian–Guang HVDC power transmission project - design aspects and realization experience. In: 2002 Cigre’ session 14–110, Paris, pp. 1–8 (2002)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Billon, V.C., Taisne, J.P., Arcidiacono, V., Mazzoldi, F.: The corsican tapping: from design to commissioning tests of the third terminal of the Sardinia-Corsica-Italy HVDC. IEEE Trans. Power Delivery 4(1), 794–799 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chaudhuri, N.R., Chaudhuri, B., Majumder, R., Yazdani, A.: Multi-Terminal Direct-Current Grids: Modeling, Analysis, and Control. Wiley, Hoboken (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    DESERTEC Foundation: www.desertec.org
  10. 10.
    Hingorani, N.G., Gyugyi, L.: Understanding FACTS: Concepts and Technology of Flexible AC Transmission Systems. IEEE Press, New York (2000)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    Kundur, P.: Power System Stability and Control. The EPRI Power System Engineering Series. McGraw-Hill, New York (1994)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Li, Y., McCalley, J.: Design of a high capacity inter-regional transmission overlay for the U.S. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. 30(1), 513–521 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Li, X., Yuan, Z., Fu, J., Wang, Y., Liu, T., Zhu, Z.: Nanao multi-terminal VSC-HVDC project for integrating large-scale wind generation. In: 2014 IEEE PES General Meeting — Conference Exposition, pp. 1–5 (2014)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liserre, M., Cardenas, R., Molinas, M., Rodriguez, J.: Overview of multi-MW wind turbines and wind parks. IEEE Trans. Ind. Electr. 58(4), 1081–1095 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    McDonald, A., Clack, C.: Low cost and low carbon emission wind and solar energy systems are feasible for large geographic domains. In: Sustainable Energy and Atmospheric Sciences Seminar, NOAA, NREL, and CU-Boulder RASEI (2014)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Midwest ISO, PJM, SPP and TVA: Tech. Rep., 2008. Joint coordinated system plan 2008. Available: http://www.jcspstudy.org/
  18. 18.
    Peake, O.: The history of high voltage direct current transmission. Aust. J. Multi-Disciplinary Eng. 8(1), 47–55 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Pipelzadeh, Y., Chaudhuri, B., Green, T., Wu, Y., Pang, H., Cao, J.: Modelling and dynamic operation of the Zhoushan DC grid: Worlds first five-terminal VSC-HVDC project. In: 2015 International High Voltage Direct Current Conference, October 18–22, 2015 Seoul, Korea, pp. 1–10 (2015)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    SACOI: Wikipedia. Available: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki
  21. 21.
    Sharifabadi, K., Harnefors, L., Nee, H., Norrga, S., Teodorescu, R.: Design, Control, and Application of Modular Multilevel Converters for HVDC Transmission Systems. Wiley, Newark (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    U.S. Department of Energy: Tech. Rep. May 2008. 20% wind energy by 2030: increasing wind energy’s contribution to U.S. electricity supplyGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yazdani, A., Iravani, R.: Voltage-Sourced Converters in Power Systems: Modeling, Control, and Applications. Wiley, Oxford (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nilanjan Ray Chaudhuri
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations