Adaptation Strategies to Reduce the Impact of Climate Change on Yield Loss in Northern Carpathians, Slovakia

  • Matej Žilinský
  • Jozef Takáč
  • Bernard Šiška
Part of the Climate Change Management book series (CCM)


In the Northern Carpathians region (Slovakia), a significant increase of mean annual temperatures was registered in the last 40 years, reflecting the significant impacts of climate change. In this paper, levels of CO2 in the atmosphere and soil water scarcity have been studied in order to forecast how their changes could affect agricultural production in the future. For this purpose, meteorological data were generated according to the general circulation model ARPEGE, while water balance measures in the Northern Carpathians (Slovakia) were evaluated by using agroecological model DAISY. Two emission scenarios were evaluated: RCP 8.5 (equiv. SRES A2) and RCP 6.0 (equiv. SRES B2). According to both, consequent increase of potential evapotranspiration and crop water requirements will gradually increase by 2071–2100. In addition, the availability of soil water will decline and the number of days with available water capacity below 50% AWC will increase during the growing season of field crops and evoke an increase of irrigation requirements. The results of this study predicted that the irrigation season will start earlier and will persist for a longer period in the future. Therefore, irrigation can be, in case of insufficient water sources, limiting factor for sustainable field crop production.


Climate change Water use efficiency Field crops Adaptations Northern carpathians 



This paper was made with support of grant project VEGA 1/0767/17: Response of ecosystem services of grape growing country to climate change regional impact—change of functions to adaptation potential.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matej Žilinský
    • 1
  • Jozef Takáč
    • 2
  • Bernard Šiška
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of European Studies and Regional Development, Department of EcologyThe Slovak University of AgricultureNitraSlovak Republic
  2. 2.Soil Science and Conservation Research InstituteBratislavaSlovak Republic

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