A Policy Proposal for Effective Energy Management

  • Beyzanur Cayir ErvuralEmail author
  • Ramazan Evren
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Management and Industrial Engineering book series (LNMIE)


Effective energy management is the key to achieving national objectives and sustainability goals for governments depending on international policies. A reasonable energy management should be cost-effective, environmentally sensitive and aim to optimize the use of available resources. Fossil-based resources are not enough to meet the rapidly growing energy need. Some urgent measures should be taken against the rapid depletion of fossil fuels. In this context, it is necessary to investigate alternative energy sources. Renewable energy sources are seen as one of the most important alternative energy sources. The geographical location of Turkey provides a great advantage in renewable energy sources. However, there are some obstacles to the use of renewable energies such as market structure, political and legal regulations, the intermittent nature of renewable resources and the financial burden on technological investments. A proper energy policy should be developed considering all these factors. Research and development activities continue for new alternative energy sources. Given the diversity in the energy portfolio, new trends for alternative sources such as nuclear power plant, shale gas, wave and tidal energy are expanding. This study proposes an appropriate policy for effective energy management using some statistical tools and evaluates the current situation to reveal the future energy situation.


Energy management Alternative energy resources Sustainability Renewable energy 



This research was supported by Istanbul Technical University Scientific Research Projects Unit (ITU/BAP) (Project no. 39617).


  1. Brunke, J.-C., Johansson, M., & Thollander, P. (2014). Empirical investigation of barriers and drivers to the adoption of energy conservation measures, energy management practices and energy services in the Swedish iron and steel industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 84, 509–525. Scholar
  2. Carrasco, J. M., Franquelo, L. G., Bialasiewicz, J. T., et al. (2006). Power-electronic systems for the grid integration of renewable energy sources: A survey. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 53, 1002–1016. Scholar
  3. Cayir Ervural, B., Evren, R., & Delen, D. (2018a). A multi-objective decision-making approach for sustainable energy investment planning. Renewable Energy, 126, 387–402. Scholar
  4. Cayir Ervural, B., Zaim, S., Demirel, O. F., et al. (2018b). An ANP and fuzzy TOPSIS-based SWOT analysis for Turkey’s energy planning. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 82, 1538–1550. Scholar
  5. Ecotricity. (2017). When will fossil fuels run out?—Energy independence—Ecotricity. Accessed May 21, 2018.
  6. EIA. (2017). EIA—International energy outlook 2017. Accessed May 21, 2018.
  7. ETKB. (2016). Blue book. Ankara.Google Scholar
  8. ETKB. (2017). T.C. Enerji ve Tabii Kaynaklar Bakanlığı - Elektrik. In: Accessed May 21, 2018.
  9. EUAS. (2017). Electricity Production Sector Report.Google Scholar
  10. Fatih, U. (2017). What is tidal energy? What is Medcezir? In EnerjiBEŞ. Accessed May 21, 2018.
  11. Fernando, Y., Bee, P. S., Jabbour, C. J. C., & Thomé, A. M. T. (2018). Understanding the effects of energy management practices on renewable energy supply chains: Implications for energy policy in emerging economies. Energy Policy, 118, 418–428. Scholar
  12. IEA. (2014). Electric power consumption per capita.Google Scholar
  13. IEA. (2016). Energy policies of IEA countries: Turkey 2016 review. Paris: OECD/IEA.Google Scholar
  14. IEA. (2017). How electricity is delivered to consumers—Energy explained, your guide to understanding energy—Energy information administration. Accessed May 21, 2018.
  15. Kowalski, K., Stagl, S., Madlener, R., & Omann, I. (2009). Sustainable energy futures: Methodological challenges in combining scenarios and participatory multi-criteria analysis. European Journal of Operational Research, 197, 1063–1074. Scholar
  16. Kumbaroğlu, G., Madlener, R., & Demirel, M. (2008). A real options evaluation model for the diffusion prospects of new renewable power generation technologies. Energy Economics, 30, 1882–1908. Scholar
  17. Lee, K.-H. (2015). Drivers and barriers to energy efficiency management for sustainable development: organizational drivers and barriers for energy efficiency. Sustainable Development, 23, 16–25. Scholar
  18. Li, F., Qiao, W., Sun, H., et al. (2010). Smart transmission grid: Vision and framework. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 1, 168–177. Scholar
  19. MENR. (2015). MENR strategic plan 2015–2019.Google Scholar
  20. MENR. (2016). Ministry of energy and natural resources. Blue Book.Google Scholar
  21. MENR. (2017a). Ministry of energy and natural resources—Nuclear energy. In Accessed May 21, 2018.
  22. MENR. (2017b). BEPA | Yenilenebilir Enerji Genel Mudurlugu. Accessed May 21, 2018.
  23. MENR. (2017c). Republic of Turkey ministry of energy and natural resources—Hydraulics. In Accessed May 21, 2018.
  24. MENR. (2017d). Republic of Turkey ministry of energy and natural resources—Petrol. In Accessed May 21, 2018.
  25. MENR. (2017e). Republic of Turkey ministry of energy and natural resources—Natural gas. In Accessed May 21, 2018.
  26. MENR. (2017f). Republic of Turkey ministry of energy and natural resources—Coal. In Accessed May 21, 2018.
  27. MENR. (2017g). Republic of Turkey ministry of energy and natural resources—Boron. In: Accessed 21 May 2018.
  28. Mohanty, M. (2012). New renewable energy sources, green energy development and climate change: Implications to Pacific Island countries. Management of Environmental Quality, 23, 264–274. Scholar
  29. Nicholas, V. (2017). What can energy management do for your organization? In My TechDecisions. Accessed May 21, 2018.
  30. Pohekar, S. D., & Ramachandran, M. (2004). Application of multi-criteria decision making to sustainable energy planning—A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 8, 365–381. Scholar
  31. Qian, W., Hörisch, J., & Schaltegger, S. (2018). Environmental management accounting and its effects on carbon management and disclosure quality. Journal of Cleaner Production, 174, 1608–1619. Scholar
  32. SETA. (2017). The state of renewable energy in the world and Turkey. In SETA foundation for political, economic and social research. Accessed October 5, 2017.
  33. Suganthi, L., & Samuel, A. A. (2012). Energy models for demand forecasting—A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16, 1223–1240. Scholar
  34. Thunder Bay Corporation. (2012). The strategic approach to corporate energy management.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of ManagementIstanbul Technical UniversityMacka, IstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations