Advertisement

The Interpretive Technique of the WTO Appellate Body

  • Carla Amaral de Andrade JunqueiraEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This article deals with the interpretive technique of the World Trade Organization’s dispute settlement system’s Appellate Body. I ask whether the interpretive method used by the Appellate Body is legitimate. To this end, I define the concept of legitimacy as one of those elements that are of fundamental importance to WTO members—confidence among members and the expectation that the dispute settlement system brings predictability to the rules negotiated during the Uruguay Round. I argue that the primacy given to the text of the agreements is one of the fundamental elements of stability and predictability sought by WTO members. Throughout the article, I give some practical recommendations for those presenting arguments to the Appellate Body.

References

  1. Abi-Saab G (2006) The appellate body and treaty interpretation. In: Sacerdoti G, Yanovich A, Bohanes J (eds) The WTO at ten: the contribution of the dispute settlement system. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 453–464Google Scholar
  2. Bacchus J (2004) Trade and freedom. Cameron May, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhagwati J (2001) After Seattle: Free Trade and WTO. In: Porter RB (ed) Efficiency, equity, and legitimacy: the multilateral trading system at the millennium. Brookings Institution Press, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  4. Howse R (2003) The most dangerous branch? WTO appellate body jurisprudence on the nature and limits of the judicial power. In: Cottier T, Mavroidis P (eds) The role of the judge in international trade regulation. University of Michigan Press, MichiganGoogle Scholar
  5. Jackson J (2006) Sovereignty, the WTO, and changing fundamentals of international law. Cambridge University Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. McRae D (2006) Treaty interpretation and the development of international trade law by the WTO appellate body. In: Yanovich A, Bohanes J, Sacerdoti G (eds) The WTO at ten: the contribution of the dispute settlement system. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p 366Google Scholar
  7. McRae D (2007) Approaches to the interpretation of treaties: The European Court of Human Rights and the WTO appellate body. In: Breitenmoser S et al (eds) Human rights, democracy and the rule of law: Liber amoricum luzius wildhaber. Nomos, Zurich, pp 1407–1422Google Scholar
  8. Pauwelyn J (2003) The limits of litigation: “Americanization” and negotiation in the settlement of WTO disputes. Ohio State J Disp Resol 19(1)Google Scholar
  9. Terris D, Romano C, Swigart L (2007) The international judge: an introduction to the men and women who decide the world’s cases. Oxford University Press, Oxford, p 16Google Scholar
  10. United States Supreme Court Decision - Chevron USA Inc. v. National Resources Defense Council Inc, related to the capacity of judicial bodies to overrule U.S administrative government determinationsGoogle Scholar
  11. Van Damme I (2009) Treaty interpretation by the WTO appellate body. Oxford University Press, Oxford, p 32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. WTO, Argentina – Measures Affecting Imports of Footwear, Textiles, Apparel and other Items, AB Report, WT/DS56 (par. 84)Google Scholar
  13. WTO, Australia – Measures affecting Importation of Salmon, AB Report, WT/DS18 (par. 117)Google Scholar
  14. WTO, Brazil – Measures Affecting Imports of Retreaded Tyres AB Report, WT/DS332Google Scholar
  15. WTO, DSB Minutes WT/DSB/M/250Google Scholar
  16. WTO, European Communities – Regime for the importation, sale and distribution of Bananas, AB Report, WT/DS27, (p. 77)Google Scholar
  17. WTO, European Communities - Measures concerning meat and meat products (hormones), AB Report, WT/DS26, DS48 (par. 104)Google Scholar
  18. WTO, European Communities – Customs classification of certain computer equipment, AB Report, WT/DS 62, DS67, DS68, (par. 84)Google Scholar
  19. WTO, European Communities – Measures Affecting the Importation of Certain Poultry Products, AB Report, WT/DS69, (par. 82)Google Scholar
  20. WTO, European Communities – Anti-Dumping Duties on Imports of Cotton-Type Bed Linen from India, AB Report, WT/DS141Google Scholar
  21. WTO, European Communities – Measures Concerning Meat and Meat Products (hormones), AB Report, WT/DS26, DS48, (par. 116–117)Google Scholar
  22. WTO, Guatemala – Antidumping Investigation regarding Portland Cement from Mexico, AB Report, WT/DS 60 (par. 70)Google Scholar
  23. WTO, India – Patent protection for pharmaceutical and agricultural chemical products, WT/DS 50 WT/DSB/M/258; WT/DSB/M/269; WT/DSB/M/262 (AB Report, par. 45)Google Scholar
  24. WTO, Korea – Definitive Safeguard Measure on Imports of Certain Dairy Products, AB Report, WT/DS98 (par. 80)Google Scholar
  25. WTO, USA statement on March 17, 2006 (DSB Meeting - TN/DS/W/74)Google Scholar
  26. WTO, United States – Laws, Regulations and Methodology for Calculating Dumping Margins (DS294)Google Scholar
  27. WTO, Unites States, Canada – Continued Suspension of Concessions (DS 320, DS 321)Google Scholar
  28. WTO, Unites States statement on the DSB Meeting (WT/DSB/M/269)Google Scholar
  29. WTO, United States – Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act of 2000 (Byrd Amendment) AB Report, WT/DS217 (par. 248)Google Scholar
  30. WTO, United States – Final Counteracting Duty Determination with Respect to Certain Softwood Lumber from Canada AB Report, WT/DS257 (par. 58–59)Google Scholar
  31. WTO, United States – Import Prohibition of Certain Shrimp and Shrimp Products, AB Report, WT/DS58, (par. 114)Google Scholar
  32. WTO, United States – Measures Affecting Imports of Woven Wool Shirts and Blouses from India, AB Report, WT/DS33 (par. 14)Google Scholar
  33. WTO, United States – Standards for Reformulated and Conventional Gasoline, AB Report, WT/DS2 (par. 17)Google Scholar
  34. WTO, United States – Laws, Regulations and Methodology for Calculating Dumping Margins, AB Report, WT/DS294 and some examples of the minutes of the DSB Meetings: (WT/DSB/M/250), (WT/DSB/M/259), (WT/DSB/M/223) and (WT/DSB/M/258)Google Scholar
  35. WTO, United States – Measures Affecting the Cross-Border Supply of Gambling and Betting Services AB Report, WT/DS285Google Scholar
  36. WTO, United States – Definitive Safeguard Measures on Imports of Circular Welded Carbon Quality Line Pipe from Korea, AB Report, WT/DS202 (par. 140–177)Google Scholar
  37. WTO, United States - Final Anti-Dumping Measures on Stainless Steel from Mexico, AB Report WT/DS33 (par. 162)Google Scholar
  38. WTO, United States - Imposition of Countervailing Duties on Certain Hot-Rolled Lead and Bismuth Carbon Steel Products originating in the United Kingdom, AB Report, WT/DS138Google Scholar
  39. WTO, WT/DSB/M/112Google Scholar
  40. WTO, WT/DS02, AB ReportGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mattos Engelberg Advogados – ME LawSão PauloBrazil

Personalised recommendations