Litigation and Negotiation in the WTO. Is Litigation the Continuation of Negotiation by Other Means?

  • Paulo Estivallet de MesquitaEmail author


The creation of the WTO has provided unprecedented stability, predictability, and transparency to the management of international trade. In order to ensure the relevance of its rules, the WTO agreements established an efficient dispute settlement mechanism and provided for future negotiations to complement and expand the scope of existing rules and commitments. The contrasting fortunes of these two pillars of the multilateral trading system raise questions about the extent to which litigation might make up for the difficulty in advancing comprehensive negotiations in the WTO.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ministry of Foreign AffairsBrasiliaBrazil

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