Conclusion to Part III

  • Tan YigitcanlarEmail author
  • Tommi Inkinen


This chapter provides a concluding remark to this part of the paper that placed Brisbane from Australia as an exemplar emerging knowledge city under the microscope of knowledge-based urban development. The part discussed the city benchmarking topic and presented an international city comparison study of Brisbane. Generated conclusions, in the light of the analysis reported in the earlier chapters, are not only useful for the Brisbane city but also invaluable for other emerging knowledge cities of the world that aspires a prosperous knowledge-based urban development and knowledge-city formation.


Benchmarking performance Knowledge-based urban development Knowledge city Smart city Place making 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Queensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Centre for Maritime Studies, Brahea CentreUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland

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