Global Knowledge City Best Practice
There are a number of cities so far has achieved a globally recognised prosperous knowledge-based urban development. This chapter presents some of the leading examples of global knowledge city best practice. These examples include Barcelona, Austin, Singapore and Melbourne. The chapter provides a detailed analysis on these prominent knowledge cities and generates useful insights for other cities targeting such a successful knowledge-based urban development practice to turn their cities into knowledge-based ones. Brisbane city from Australia is used as an example of one of these aspiring cities. The chapter concludes with a commentary on how the lessons captured from global best practices could be useful for this particular city.
KeywordsKnowledge city Smart city Sustainable urban development Best practice Knowledge-based urban development Barcelona Austin Singapore Melbourne
- Abramson, H.N., Encarnacao, J., Reid, P.P., & Schmoch, U. (Eds.) (1997). Technology transfer systems in the United States and Germany: Lessons and perspectives. National Academies Press.Google Scholar
- Austin Chamber. (2012a). Opportunity Austin 3.0: Strategic checklist. Austin Chamber, Austin, TX.Google Scholar
- Austin Chamber. (2012b). Opportunity Austin 3.0: Implementation guidelines. Austin Chamber, Austin, TX.Google Scholar
- Austin Chamber. (2016). Opportunity Austin. Accessed on November 24, 2016 from http://www.austinchamber.com/the-chamber/opportunity-austin.
- Barcelona City Hall. (2012). Barcelona smart city. Accessed on August 26, 2015 from https://www.dropbox.com/s/h2vxzfd7g5oa5fs/helsinki201_barcelona.pdf.
- Basulto, D. (2015). The secrets to Singapore’s track record of innovation excellence. The Washington Post. Accessed on December 2, 2016 from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/innovations/wp/2015/05/26/the-secrets-to-singapores-track-record-of-innovation-excellence/?utm_term=.0d88e6e3234c.
- City of Melbourne. (2001). Melbourne city plan 2010. Melbourne: City of Melbourne.Google Scholar
- City of Melbourne. (2013). Melbourne City Council Plan 2013–2017. Melbourne: City of Melbourne.Google Scholar
- City of Melbourne. (2014). Knowledge city strategy: Strengthening Melbourne’s knowledge sector through collaboration 2014–2018. Melbourne: City of Melbourne.Google Scholar
- Department of Planning and Development. (1994). Melbourne metropolitan strategy. Melbourne: Department of Planning and Development, State Government of Victoria.Google Scholar
- Department of Victorian Communities. (2004). Annual report 2003–2004. Melbourne: Department of Victorian Communities.Google Scholar
- Griffith, J. C. (2015). Barcelona, Spain as a model for the creation of innovation districts and sustainable social housing without spatial segregation. Revista De Derecho Urbanístico y Medio Ambiente, 251(1), 1–37.Google Scholar
- Hwee, Y. L. (2002). Electoral politics in Singapore. In A. Croissant (Ed.), Electoral politics in Southeast and East Asia (pp. 203–217). Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung: Singapore.Google Scholar
- IBM (2012). Analysts: Austin tech scene is back from recession. IBM News. Accessed on November 24, 2016 from http://ibmnews.tmcnet.com/news/2014/05/12/7823722.htm.
- Long, J. (2010). Weird city: Sense of place and creative resistance in Austin, Texas. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
- Pareja-Eastaway, M., & Piqué, J. M. (2011). Urban regeneration and the creative knowledge economy: The case of 22@ in Barcelona. Journal of Urban Regeneration & Renewal, 4(4), 319–327.Google Scholar
- Social Justice Coalition. (1991). Picking winners. Melbourne: Social Justice Coalition.Google Scholar
- Victorian Government. (2002). Melbourne 2030: Planning for sustainable growth. Melbourne: Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment.Google Scholar
- Victorian Government. (2008). Melbourne 2030: A planning update—Melbourne @ 5 million. Melbourne: Victorian Government Department of Planning and Community Development.Google Scholar
- Victorian Government. (2014). Plan Melbourne. Melbourne: Victorian Government.Google Scholar
- Wong, P. K. (1986). Saving, capital inflow and capital formation. In C. Y. Lim & P. J. Lloyd (Eds.), Singapore: Resources and growth. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Yeung, H. W. (2006). Innovating for global competition: Singapore’s pathway to high-tech development. In B. A. Lundvall, P. Intarakumnerd, & J. Vang (Eds.), Asia’s innovation systems in transition (pp. 257–292). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
- Yigitcanlar, T. (2011a). Knowledge-based development processes of an emerging knowledge city: Brisbane, Australia. A|Z ITU Journal of the Faculty of Architecture, 8(1), 53–67.Google Scholar
- Yigitcanlar, T., Velibeyoglu, K., & Baum, S. (Eds.). (2008b). Creative urban regions: Harnessing urban technologies to support knowledge city initiatives. Hersey: IGI Global.Google Scholar