A New US Strategy to Confront China’s and Russia’s Growing Military Power

  • Luiz Alberto Moniz Bandeira


During the Obama administration, American military strategy continued to focus on preventing a resurgence of Russia, but with the development of the strategic plan of 2012, it now also confronted China. For the first time in US history, scenarios were being prepared for an invasion of China’s mainland. China, however, had significantly expanded its military power and would not be easily defeated. Russia, meanwhile, had also reemerged as a formidable military power, modernizing its military and expanding its presence in neighboring countries. This decision to bulk up its military was largely a consequence of a broken promise of the United States during the reunification of Germany in 1990: NATO would not further expand eastward. Eight years later President Clinton blatantly broke this promise and extended an invitation to Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic to join the alliance. “No one could trust American politicians,” Gorbatchev later noted.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luiz Alberto Moniz Bandeira
    • 1
  1. 1.Emeritus professor for HistoryUniversity of BrasíliaSt. Leon-RotGermany

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