9/11 and the Accelerated Mutation of the American Republic

  • Luiz Alberto Moniz Bandeira


The attacks of September 11, 2001, and the subsequent war on terror accelerated the mutation of the American republic into a fascist-style state at the service of the special interests of Wall Street and other lobbies.

The Bush administration used the attacks to curtail civil rights and expand presidential powers through the Patriot Act and the Military Commissions Act. The Bush administration also declared America’s unilateral right to intervene militarily wherever it chooses to do so. The United States could now detain and torture people without trial and wage war on any country it wished without regard to its own constitution or international law.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luiz Alberto Moniz Bandeira
    • 1
  1. 1.Emeritus professor for HistoryUniversity of BrasíliaSt. Leon-RotGermany

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