Epilogue: US Military-Financial Oligarchy and the Exporting of “Democracy” through War and Terror

  • Luiz Alberto Moniz Bandeira


“The American Constitution was to liberty, what a grammar is to language,” said the American revolutionary Thomas Paine. But no revolutionary zeal can hide the fact that liberty and democracy have been corrupted in America by a perverse alliance between militarism and financial capital. For almost all its existence, the United States has been at war. And now, in the beginning of the twenty-first century, the mutazione dello stato has finally transmuted the American republic into an oligarchy ruled by Wall Street, Big Oil, and the war industry. For this military-industrial complex to sustain itself, the country needed to be on a constant war footing, ever expanding its military presence throughout the world. This is justified through the American status as the “indispensable power,” but this exceptionalism is just another variation of “God’s chosen people” or “superior race.” After the collapse of the Soviet Union, this masked militarism has launched America into a campaign to remake the world, blatantly disregarding international law and destroying the world order based on national sovereignty. These wars to bring democracy and protect civilians instead spread terrorism, and war spread across the globe. The War on Terror was a resounding failure, from Bush to Obama. Afghanistan is still at war, Iraq was ruined, Libya is reduced to a stateless territory, Ukraine is divided, and Syria, fallen into chaos, became the womb of one of the most powerful and perverse terrorist groups in history: Da’ish. All these and other factors led Russia to reassert itself on the world stage and take the lead in Syria. Putin intervened swiftly and decidedly and changed the scenario and outlook of the war. Turkey was blocked in its regional imperial ambitions, Da’ish was practically defeated, and Russia’s military might was demonstrated. No longer could Russia’s interest be ignored in the Great Game, and it became clear that the United States would no longer be able to position itself as some “benevolent dictator” or “global cop.” This was the myth of American foreign policy: that when the United States marched to war, it did so out of benevolence, to make the world “safe for democracy.” But the facts show that none of this is true. When America marches, it does so to advance its imperial interests.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luiz Alberto Moniz Bandeira
    • 1
  1. 1.Emeritus professor for HistoryUniversity of BrasíliaSt. Leon-RotGermany

Personalised recommendations