Introduction: The United States, the Middle East, Syria, and Ukraine—A Dialectical Approach on Recent History

  • Luiz Alberto Moniz Bandeira


The analysis departs from the foreign policy of the United States, a state which is confronted with an accelerating change of its political nature: from a democratic state ruled by the law to a polity dominated by the finance capital and the defense industry (mutation of the state—mutazione dello stato). The recent events in Eurasia, North Africa, and the Middle East in the 2010 as well as the wars in Ukraine and in Syria are treated according to the historical method which describes, documents, and analyzes the geopolitical ambitions of the United States, more specifically of the Wall Street and of the military-industrial complex, as well as their modes of government. The historical review goes back to the year 1933, when Wall Street circles attempted a fascist coup-d’état against the newly elected President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The expansion of the military-industrial complex provided the backing for not only the victory over Nazi Germany but also for the erection of a new world order after the Second World War and finally for the creation of the NATO as a political and military instrument for extending the Washington dictate to new European regions which previously had belonged to the sphere of influence of Russia (especially Ukraine), to North Africa and the Middle East.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luiz Alberto Moniz Bandeira
    • 1
  1. 1.Emeritus professor for HistoryUniversity of BrasíliaSt. Leon-RotGermany

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