Industrial Metal Waste Management with MAGNETO Robot

  • V. M. Vikhash Karthik
  • V. Shruthip
  • P. J. P. Rahul
  • C. Madhan
  • A. Vijayakumari
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 26)


The world depends and strives on robots for solving the monotonous labour which does not require human intelligence; sometimes working in hazardous environments. This paper presents a robot designed to perform a common industrial task i.e. the disposal of iron fillings and chips near a machine which ejects these iron wastes that emanate due to a cutting or a lathing operation. The proposed semi-autonomous robot “Magneto” provides a cost effective solution for this industrial problem. This robot can pick and place the iron pieces using an electromagnet assembly housed on it, besides, the capability of following a predefined route. The magnetization of the electromagnet is time controlled precisely; i.e. during its travel to reach the work place the electromagnet is inhibited from energising in order to save power. Further, when the robot is near the work area, the position of the electromagnet is lowered through a motorised control. This gives the flexibility, ease of movement and lower power requirement for the robot. Different sensors are deployed on the robot for the overall assistance of the robot for its manoeuvre and iron acquisition. The robot as well as the electromagnet is designed, developed and real-time tested and the results are presented under various operating conditions.


Swarf Arduino Magnetic field intensity Magnetic flux density Lead screw Matrix solver Accelerometer 


  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    Guidelines for eco-friendly handling of metal swarf: Article by Confederation of German steel recycling and waste management companies eV (BDSV).
  3. 3.
    Salmon, S.C.: 3 Metal cutting processes. Metalworking Fluids 47 (2016)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Groover, M.P.: Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing: Materials, Processes, and Systems. 3th edn. Wiley (2013)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Trompf, P., Oosthuizen, J.: Crystalline silica exposure of workers using autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) products. J. Health Saf. Environ. 31(1), 499–512 (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Frendahl, C., Edwards, B., Davis, J.: NFPA 652: standardizing combustible dust standards. Chem. Eng. 123(5), 74 (2016)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
    Ernst, R., Garnier, C.: High frequency multiphase travelling field configuration for direction controlled EM forces production. In: 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Processing of Materials, October 2015Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Del Casino, V.J.: Social geographies II Robots. Progress in Human Geography (2015). Scholar
  10. 10.
    Arutselvan, K., Vijayakumari, A.: Assistive Autonomous Ground vehicles in smart grid (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pan, Z., Polden, J., Larkin, N., Van Duin, S., Norrish, J.: Recent progress on programming methods for industrial robots. Robot. Comput. Integr. Manufact. 28(2), 87–94 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Simple Homebrew Robotic Gripper from Junk Parts.
  13. 13.
    Tavakoli, M., Batista, R., Neto, P.: A compact two-phase twisted string actuation system: modeling and validation. Mech. Mach. Theory 101, 23–35 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Qian, K., Niu, J., & Yang, H. (2013). Developing a gesture based remote human-robot interaction system using kinect. International Journal of Smart Home, 7(4)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    HC-03/05 Embedded Bluetooth Serial Communication Module AT command set: Application Notes Arduino (2011).
  16. 16.
    Rao, N.N.: Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics. Prentice Hall (1977)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hu, G., Tay, W.P., Wen, Y.: Cloud robotics: architecture, challenges and applications. IEEE Netw. 26(3), 21–28 (2012). Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. M. Vikhash Karthik
    • 1
  • V. Shruthip
    • 1
  • P. J. P. Rahul
    • 1
  • C. Madhan
    • 1
  • A. Vijayakumari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Amrita School of EnginneringAmrita Vishwa VidyapeethamCoimbatoreIndia

Personalised recommendations