Development of Water Management System for Smart Irrigation

  • Sneha Ann Philip
  • G. Shine LetEmail author
  • C. Benin Pratap
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 26)


Our nation is efficient enough to immensely utilize the electricity, yet not capable to meet its level of generation. This paper reveals an abstract idea of automatic irrigation system with simple design. This paper encourages the use of renewable resources like solar energy as the way of solving the crisis of energy. Irrigation plays a vital role in agriculture and it becomes more efficient without the interference of manual irrigation. The automatic irrigation can be done with the moisture content in the soil. A sensor which senses the moisture level and a microcontroller is vital for the technique of automatic irrigation. The moisture sensor can sense the water level in the soil and gives information to microcontroller. Based on the information from the sensor, the microcontroller will control the pump/motor. Solar system is often utilised to generate electricity even in remote areas, so it has wide scope of implementation as it has its possible ways to provide electricity.


Solar panel Moisture sensor Irrigation Microcontroller 


  1. 1.
    Nikos, A., Bruinsma, J.: World agriculture towards 2030/2050: the 2012 revision, vol. 12, no. 3. ESA Working paper. FAO, Rome (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nicola, A., Balzani, V.: The future of energy supply: challenges and opportunities. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 46(2), 52–66 (2007)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pereira, L.S., Oweis, T., Zairi, A.: Irrigation management under water scarcity. Agric. Water Manag. 57(3), 175–206 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Parida, B., Iniyan, S., Goic, R.: A review of solar photovoltaic technologies. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 15(3), 1625–1636 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Harishankar, S., Sathish Kumar, R., Sudharsan, K.P., Vignesh, U., Viveknath, T.: Solar powered smart irrigation system. Adv. Electron. Electr. Eng. 4(4), 341–346 (2014)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kalogirou, S.A.: Solar Energy Engineering: Processes and Systems. Academic Press, Amsterdam (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kansara, K., Zaveri, V., Shah, S., Delwadkar, S., Jani, K.: Sensor based automated ırrigation system with IOT: a technical review. Int. J. Comput. Sci. Inf. Technol. 6(6), 5331–5333 (2015)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Francis, S.A., Amarnath, M., Arunsangar, P., Govindha Kumar, S., Gnanasundari, P.: Advanced irrigation system for farmers based on sensor networks. Int. J. Adv. Eng. Technol. 9(2), 194–198 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cramer, D.L., Chavez-Cramer, F.: Moisture sensor and irrigation control system. U.S. Patent 6,401,742, issued June 11 2002Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ojha, M., Mohite, S., Kathole, S., Tarware, D.: Microcontroller based automatic plant watering system. Int. J. Comput. Sci. Eng. 5(3), 25–36 (2016)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Salleh, A., Ismail, M.K., Mohamad, N.R., Abd Aziz, M.Z.A., Othman, M.A., Misran, M.H.: Development of greenhouse monitoring using wireless sensor network through ZigBee technology. Int. J. Eng. Sci. Invent. 2(7), 6–12 (2013)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Alsayid, Basim, Jallad, Jafar, Dradi, Muhammad, Al-Qasem, Ola: Automatic irrigation system with pv solar tracking. Int. J Latest Trends Comput. 4(4), 145–150 (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sneha Ann Philip
    • 1
  • G. Shine Let
    • 1
    Email author
  • C. Benin Pratap
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ECEKarunya Institute of Technology and SciencesCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Department of EEEKarunya Institute of Technology and SciencesCoimbatoreIndia

Personalised recommendations