Advertisement

Optimal Location Aided Routing with Directional Antennas in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

  • G. JayasreeEmail author
  • K. P. Indulekha
  • B. T. Vijay
  • B. Malarkodi
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 26)

Abstract

MANETs are infrastructure less networks consisting of mobile nodes which are self-configuring and self-organizing. However, they are subjected to various constraints like unreliability, limited resources, latency, etc. Henceforth, location aided routing protocols have emerged as a potential solution for routing in ad hoc networks. The major advantage of these routing protocols is that they perform route discovery in a small restricted region named as request zone. Thus it is evident that the shape and size of the request zone play a major role in enhancing the protocol’s performance. This paper focuses on obtaining optimal shape for request zone by varying node density. Comparison of different shapes of request zones in term of routing overhead, the end to end delay is made. Further, our simulation results show that directional antennas outperform Omni-directional antennas in reducing the interference, redundant packet collisions, etc.

Keywords

MANETs Request zone Directional antennas Routing overhead Location aided routing 

References

  1. 1.
    Noguchi, T., Kobayashi, T.: Adaptive Location-aware routing with directional antennas in mobile adhoc networks. In: International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC). IEEE, USA (2017)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shih, T.F., Yen, H.C.: Location-aware routing protocol with dynamic adaptation of request zone for mobile ad hoc networks. Wirel. Netw. 14(3), 321–333 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mishra, P., Raina, S.K., Singh, B.: SDLAR: self adaptive density-based location-aware routing in mobile adhoc network. In: Choudhary, R., Mandal, J., Auluck, N., Nagarajaram, H. (eds.) Advanced Computing and Communication Technologies. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 452. Springer, Singapore (2016)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ramanathan, R., Redi, J., Santivanez, C., Wiggins, D.: Ad hoc networking with directional antennas: a complete system solution. J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23(3), 496–506 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Liao, W.H., Sheu, J.P., Tseng, Y.C.: GRID: a fully location ware routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks. Telecommun. Syst. 18(1–3), 37–60 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jain, R., Puri, A., Sengupta, R.: Geographical routing using partial information for wireless ad hoc networks. IEEE Pers. Commun. 8(1), 48–57 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rana, K., Tripathi, S., Raw, R.S.: VANET: expected delay analysis for location aided routing (LAR) protocol. BIJIT-BVICAM’s Int. J. Inf. Technol. 8(2), 1029 (2016)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhua, Y., Zhang, J., Partel, K.: Location-aided routing with uncertainty in mobile ad hoc networks: a stochastic semi-definite programming approach. Math. Comput. Model. 53(11–12), 2192–2203 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Latiff, L.A., Ahmed, A.A., Fisal, N., Arifin, S.A.: Directional routing protocol in wireless mobile ad hoc network. INTECH Open Access Publisher (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Manickam, P., Guru Baskar, T., Girija, M., Manimegalai, D.: Performance comparisons of routing protocols in mobile ad hoc networks. Int. J. Wirel. Mob. Netw. (IJWMN) 3(1) (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Arora, R., Rizvi, N.F.: A behavioural comparison of LAR with AODV and DSR routing protocols. Int. J. Innov. Res. Comput. Commun. Eng. 2, 451–458 (2014)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Basagni, S., Chlamtac, I., Syrotiuk, V.R., Woodward, B.A.: A distance routing effect algorithm for mobility (DREAM). In: Proceedings of the 4th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, pp. 76–84 (1998)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Jayasree
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. P. Indulekha
    • 1
  • B. T. Vijay
    • 1
  • B. Malarkodi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyTiruchirappalliIndia

Personalised recommendations