Epidemiology of Migraine in Men and Women

  • Kjersti Grøtta VetvikEmail author
Part of the Headache book series (HEAD)


Migraine is a primary headache disorder that globally affects about 14% of the population. The prevalence is similar among boys and girls before puberty. At all ages following adolescence, migraine is two to three times more prevalent in women with the maximum sex difference between ages 30 and 45 years. Age at onset and peak incidence rate occur earlier in men than in women. The remission rate from childhood to young adulthood is greater in men than women, but this difference seems to disappear among middle-aged migraineurs. Migraine is ranked as the second and third leading cause of years lived with disability among women and men under 50 years of age and is estimated to cost the European society more than 27 billion euros annually. Women report longer duration of attacks and a greater migraine-related disability, while men are more likely to experience longer periods of remission.


Migraine Sex Gender Epidemiology Prevalence Incidence Men Women Burden 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyAkershus University HospitalLørenskogNorway

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