Introduction to Building Physics
Building physics study the processes that occurs in the building structures that influence the indoor comfort and safety of inhabitants. A group of building physics professors at European universities, founded by Professor Karl Gertis, defined the following fields of interest: heat transfer in buildings, water and water vapour transfer in building structures including psychrometric process, lighting, building acoustics, fire development and fire protection in buildings, and urban microclimates. In this chapter, heat transfer in buildings and the basic psychrometry of air will be discussed as these process are directly involved in the assessment of the energy performance of a building. Elementary and essential indicators of building structures and buildings will be presented, and dynamic heat transfer in building structures will be discussed briefly.
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