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Living with Pigments: The Colour Palette of Antarctic Life

  • Juan José Marizcurrena
  • María Fernanda Cerdá
  • Diego Alem
  • Susana Castro-SowinskiEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Polar Sciences book series (SPPS)

Abstract

The production of pigments is a common feature that may help microorganisms to cope with the harsh conditions found in Antarctica. They have functions such as protection against UV irradiation and superoxide and nitrogen reactive species (antioxidant activity) and modulation of membrane fluidity under cold stress. In addition, they act as antibiotics, modulating the microbial communities in their natural environments, and harvest light for increasing the efficiency of photosynthesis, thus influencing the biogeochemical cycles. This chapter deals with the chemistry and the biological role of microbial pigments (except chlorophylls) in the Antarctic environment and also includes a brief overview of the potential biotechnological use of pigments.

Keywords

Microbial production of pigments UV-resistance Antioxidant activity Membrane fluidity Photosynthesis Antimicrobial activity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the Uruguayan Antarctic Institute for the logistic support during the stay in the Antarctic Base Artigas. S. Castro-Sowinski, J.J. Marizcurrena, M.F. Cerdá and D. Alem are members of the National Research System (SNI, Sistema Nacional de Investigadores).

This work was partially supported by PEDECIBA (Programa de Desarrollo de las Ciencias Básicas), CSIC (Comisión Sectorial de Investigación Científica; Project C667) and ANII (Agencia Nacional de Investigación e Innovación, Project FMV_3_2016_1_1226654). The work of JJM and DA was supported by ANII and CAP (Comisión Académica de Posgrado, UdelaR).

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan José Marizcurrena
    • 1
  • María Fernanda Cerdá
    • 2
  • Diego Alem
    • 1
    • 3
  • Susana Castro-Sowinski
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of SciencesUniversidad de la RepúblicaMontevideoUruguay
  2. 2.Laboratory of Biomaterials, Faculty of SciencesUniversidad de la RepúblicaMontevideoUruguay
  3. 3.Epigenetics and Genomics Instability LaboratoryInstituto de Investigaciones Biológicas Clemente EstableMontevideoUruguay

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