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Cognitive Behavioral Approach to Stress

  • Kyung Bong Koh
Chapter

Abstract

The necessity for cognitive behavioral approach is emphasized because cognition (thought) is not only playing a central mediating role in coping with stressors but also cognitive distortions are associated with the onset and maintenance of psychopathology. The goal of cognitive behavioral approach is primarily to help the patient uncover his/her cognitive distortions but is ultimately to identify maladaptive assumptions and modify them. This approach is not to cure but rather to help the patient develop better coping strategies to deal with his life and work stress. Cognitive approach includes identifying automatic thoughts and underlying maladaptive assumptions, testing automatic thoughts and maladaptive assumptions, cognitive challenge, generating alternatives and reattribution, self-instruction, and application of new assumptions. In addition, there are a variety of behavioral techniques, such as scheduling activities, mastery and pleasure, graded task assignments, behavioral rehearsal, self-reliance training, role playing, and diversion techniques.

Keywords

Cognitive behavioral approach Cognition Coping with stressors Cognitive distortions Psychopathology Maladaptive assumptions Automatic thoughts Behavioral techniques 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyung Bong Koh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryYonsei University College of MedicineSeoulKorea

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