Cognitive Behavioral Treatment for Individuals at Risk of Coronary Heart Disease

  • Kyung Bong Koh


Cognitive behavioral intervention for individuals with risk factors of coronary heart diseases such as type A behavior and hypertension was reviewed. Cognitive strategies misused by patients with type A behavior include all-or-nothing thinking, excessive selective attention, personalization, and attribution of causality. How to apply cognitive behavioral therapy to basic features of the type A pattern such as time urgency, perfectionism, achievement striving, excessive work involvement, low self-esteem, hostility, and depression was described. Cognitive behavioral approach for patients with hypertension helps the clients recognize and monitor anger-engendering conflict, identify characteristic styles of responding, and experiment with alternative ways of managing anger and conflict. The therapist needs to consider therapeutic interventions tailored to each individual’s characteristic and problems, because predominant features of type A can vary from person to person.


Cognitive behavioral intervention Risk factors of coronary heart diseases Type A behavior Hypertension Cognitive strategies 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyung Bong Koh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryYonsei University College of MedicineSeoulKorea

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