• Maria-Carmen Pantea


This chapter presents the main research findings that relate to the three ideological layers present in young people’s accounts: (i) the level of ‘ideal values’ that positions young people’s powerful and conservative values; (ii) the level of ‘real values’ shaped by actual interactions in the world and which suggest young people’s engagement with the neoliberal mode of self-governance and (iii) the level of necessity or the actual expectations that are grounded in the deep realization that the actual prospects likely to unfold are more constraining than enabling. It discusses the policy implications that relate to the quality of schooling, the (mis)use of VET as a social inclusion tool and the need to revisit the employability discourse.


Policy Employability Dual model Functional illiteracy Social inclusion Poverty Civism Liberal education Parity of esteem 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria-Carmen Pantea
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Sociology and Social WorkBabeș-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania

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