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Micro-Small-Scale Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Design and Performance Analysis for Micro-Grids Applications

  • Adel El-Shahat
  • Mehedi Hasan
  • Almoataz Y. AbdelazizEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Little scale wind vitality frameworks, for example, “Small Scale Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines” (SSHAWT) give a spotless, imminent and practical alternative for vitality supply. Besides, this vitality utilization framework can likewise be used as one of the dependable power wellsprings of Microgrids. To outline productive breeze advancements, it requires a smooth and nonstop improvement process. The first segment of the present chapter concentrates on the streamlined outline and execution investigation of little scale horizontal wind turbine’s sharp edge utilizing the blade component force strategy with the most refreshed and amended model. For this situation, the sharp edge was outlined with a solitary airfoil. Results demonstrate that the most extreme coefficient of execution is 0.446 at the tip speed proportion 6.5 which is great sign in primer stage power forecast. The second piece of this chapter focuses on enhancing the execution of sharp edge by adjusting the edge with a blend of three airfoils. From that point onward, a similar report was done between “Edge Element-Momentum” (BEM) examination and “Computational-Fluid-Dynamics” (CFD) investigation of blended airfoil little scale horizontal wind turbine’s cutting edges. In CFD examination, k-ω “Shear-Stress-Transport” (SST) show was directed for three-dimensional perception of turbine execution. The pitch is considered as settled and rotor speed is variable for both of the examinations. In any case, the best coefficient of execution was seen at 6° angle of attack. At this approach, on account of BEM, the most astounding coefficient of execution is 0.47 whereby CFD investigation, it is 0.43. The two investigations indicate great execution forecast which is a positive advance to quicken the ceaseless unrest in the wind vitality segment. In this work, first of all design parameters were selected based on the Von Karman effect. After that a mathematical model was developed to get maximum lift force generated by the designed body.

Keywords

Renewable energy Microgrids Wind energy Wind turbine Small scale BEM CFD Von-Karman FSI 

List of Symbols

Symbol

Explanation

Re

Reynolds number

V

Air speed (m/s)

μ

Dynamic viscosity (N.s/m2)

v

Kinematic viscosity (m2/s)

ρ

Air density (kg/m3)

qref

Reference pressure (Pa)

D

Drag force (N)

CD

Drag coefficient

L

Lift force (N)

CL

Lift coefficient

FT

Tip loss correction factor

FR

Root loss correction factor

FS

Side force (N)

\( \dot{m} \)

Mass flow rate (kg/s)

P

Pressure (Pa)

PT

Total pressure (Pa)

PS

Static pressure (Pa)

T

Thrust (N)

A

Cross sectional area (m2)

a

Axial induction factor

a

Tangential induction factor

CP

Coefficient of power

CT

Coefficient of thrust

Q

Torque (Nm)

γ

Tip speed ratio

UT

Tangential velocity (m/s)

UA

Axial velocity (m/s)

W

Relative wind velocity (m/s)

α

Angle of attack (0°)

σ

Blade solidity

θ

Yaw angle (0°)

Angle of relative wind velocity (0°)

β

Local pitch angle (0°)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adel El-Shahat
    • 1
  • Mehedi Hasan
    • 1
  • Almoataz Y. Abdelaziz
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringGeorgia Southern UniversityStatesboroUSA
  2. 2.Department of Electrical Power and Machines, Faculty of EngineeringAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt

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