Fundamental Lessons of Hurricane María

  • Ariel E. Lugo
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Energy book series (BRIEFSENERGY)


When infrastructure and government service collapse in a technologically advanced society, people are first stunted but soon react to assure survival. After María, the importance of individual and community action at a time of need became a lesson that was obvious to all Puerto Ricans. This lesson was made more relevant in light of another lesson, that of the failure of governance. The conditions after María underscored the importance of governance to a society. Puerto Ricans understood and witnessed how corruption was affecting them directly by turning governance against their interests. A third lesson was that after passing through the consequences of María, which are still in progress, business as usual is not the path to a healthy, resilient, and just society.


Hurricane Puerto Rican ARRA Funds Private Telecommunication Companies Maricao 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ariel E. Lugo
    • 1
  1. 1.San JuanPuerto Rico

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