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Water Pollution Remediation Techniques with Special Focus on Adsorption

  • Sujata MandalEmail author
  • C. Muralidharan
  • Asit Baran Mandal
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

Water is essential for the survival of all living organism. According to WHO and UNICEF report, nearly 900 million people in the world have inadequate access to safe and improved water sources. Therefore, purification of water is essential to make the water suitable for human consumption. Adsorption technology has received extensive application in water purification because of its low-cost, operational simplicity and workability in broad concentration range. In the recent decade, development of advanced materials like carbon nanomaterials, nanocomposites and nanomagnetics as adsorbents has led to the rapid growth of research interests in this field.

This chapter starts with the global problem of safe drinking water, its impact on human beings and various techniques available for drinking water treatment. It further focuses on the process of adsorption at solid-liquid interface, the various adsorbents used for purification of water, their characteristic properties, suitability of different adsorbents for water purification and their relative advantages and disadvantages. The salient features of adsorption methodologies for drinking water purification in household and community level treatment systems are also discussed under this chapter.

Keywords

Water pollution Adsorption Adsorbent Isotherm Nanomaterials 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sujata Mandal
    • 1
    Email author
  • C. Muralidharan
    • 2
  • Asit Baran Mandal
    • 3
  1. 1.CLRI-Centre for Analysis, Testing, Evaluation and Reporting Services (CATERS), CSIR-Central Leather Research InstituteChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Leather Processing Department, CSIR-Central Leather Research InstituteChennaiIndia
  3. 3.CSIR-Central Leather Research InstituteChennaiIndia

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