Nanotechnology: A New Scientific Outlook for Bioremediation of Dye Effluents

  • Monika Yadav
  • Suphiya Khan
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)


In recent years, the use of large range of textile dyes in industries has raised a very serious environmental and health hazards. The dye-containing effluents are recalcitrant to biodegradation and responsible for toxicity and difficult to remove out from water bodies. The conventional methods used for dye removal due to high cost and generation of waste by-products are considered as less efficient. Currently, the nanotechnology and novel nanomaterials have been proved as a great and effective potent for decolorization of dyes. The nanomaterials are powered with high surface area to volume ratio and chemical or thermal stability. Biological route for synthesis of nanomaterials gains more attention due to its clean, economic, and environmental friendly in nature. This chapter reviews the dye pollutants and application of nanomaterials for decolorization of textile dye effluents.


Dyes Nano-adsorbents Nano-catalysts Nano-membranes Remediation 



We acknowledge the ministry of human resource and development (MHRD), India, for providing financial assistance under the research project “Center for Excellence (CoE) – Water and Energy.” Authors are deeply grateful to Prof. Aditya Shastri for giving the research amenities and the Bioinformatics Centre, Banasthali Vidyapeeth, Rajasthan (India) for use of computational facilities.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monika Yadav
    • 1
  • Suphiya Khan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Bioscience and BiotechnologyBanasthali Vidyapith TonkRajasthanIndia

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