Assessing the Impact of Changes in Mobility Behaviour to Evaluate Sustainable Transport Policies: Case of University Campuses of Politecnico di Milano

  • Alberto Bertolin
  • Samuel TolentinoEmail author
  • Paolo Beria
  • Eleonora Perotto
  • Fabio Carlo Guereschi
  • Paola Baglione
  • Stefano Caserini
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 879)


Started in 2011, the “Città Studi Campus Sostenibile” project (CSCS), promoted by Politecnico di Milano and Università degli Studi di Milano, is aimed at turning the common university district in a model for quality of life and environmental sustainability. One of the topics of this project relates with transport and sustainable mobility.

In this framework, during the last three years, the Sustainable Office of the University, in collaboration with the university mobility manager, carried out two surveys on mobility and commuting, among students, professors and administrative staff. In 2015 were surveyed about 12.000 people and about 14.000 in 2017, respectively 27% and 24% of the total population of each year.

Through the analysis of the data of the last survey, we firstly provide a description of the current mobility patterns of the university population, then we calculate CO2 emissions from mobility activities to access Politecnico campuses. In order to estimate CO2 emissions of every trip, we utilize local emission factors for each transport mode. Previous studies evidenced how this component accounts for more than 40% of the total emissions of Politecnico di Milano.

Lastly, in order to identify in which context policy packages, aimed at increasing the modal share of sustainable transport modes, are more effective and efficient in reducing CO2 emission, we analyse a set of scenarios involving both different territorial contexts inside Lombardy region and different campuses population.


Mobility behaviour CO2 emission estimation Sustainable transport policies University survey 


  1. 1.
    Miralles-Guasch, C., Domene, E.: Sustainable transport challenges in a suburban university: the case of the Autonomous University of Barcelona. Transp. Policy 17(6), 454–463 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Servizio Sostenibilità di Ateneo: Evaluation CO2 emission project of Politecnico di Milano. REPORT 2015 (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Balsas, C.J.: Sustainable transportation planning on college campuses. Transp. Policy 10(1), 35–49 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Toor, W.: The road less traveled: sustainable transportation for campuses. Plan. High. Educ. 31(3), 131–141 (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Van Weenen, H.: Towards a vision of a sustainable university. Int. J. Sustain. High. Educ. 1(1), 20–34 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hickman, R., Banister, D.: Looking over the horizon: transport and reduced CO2 emissions in the UK by 2030. Transp. Policy 14(5), 377–387 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Stanley, J.K., Hensher, D.A., Loader, C.: Road transport and climate change: stepping off the greenhouse gas. Transp. Res. Part A Policy Pract. 45(10), 1020–1030 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mathez, A., Manaugh, K., Chakour, V., El-Geneidy, A., Hatzopoulou, M.: How can we alter our carbon footprint? Estimating GHG emissions based on travel survey information. Transportation 40(1), 131–149 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gurrutxaga, I., Iturrate, M., Oses, U., Garcia, H.: Analysis of the modal choice of transport at the case of university: case of University of the Basque Country of San Sebastian. Transp. Res. Part A Policy Pract. (2017)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Páez, A., Whalen, K.: Enjoyment of commute: a comparison of different transportation modes. Transp. Res. Part A Policy Pract. 44(7), 537–549 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Vale, D.S., Pereira, M., Viana, C.M.: Different destination, different commuting pattern? Analyzing the influence of the campus location on commuting. J. Transp. Land Use 11(1) (2018)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Caserini, S., Scolieri, S., Perotto, E.: CO2 emissions of a university campus: assessment, uncertainties and reduction strategies. In: SISC Second Annual Conference - Climate Change: Scenario, Impacts and Policies, pp. 35–48 (2014)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    ARPA, Lombardia: L’inventario 2014 - FET3 - Fattori di emissione da traffico per cilindrata e inquinante (2015). Accessed 25 Jan 2018
  14. 14.
    Knörr, W., Hüttermann, R.: Ecopassenger Environmental Methodology and Data Update (2015).
  15. 15.
    ISPRA: Fattore di emissione per consumo di energia elettrica per l’anno 2012 (2014)Google Scholar
  16. 16.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DAStUPolitecnico di MilanoMilanItaly
  2. 2.Direzione Generale - Servizio Sostenibilità di AteneoPolitecnico di MilanoMilanItaly
  3. 3.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringPolitecnico MilanoMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations