Becoming a Distinguished Critical Criminology Scholar, the 1960s and 1970s
This chapter highlights key writings of the 60s and 70s—not a linear development that formal writing often imposes on us, but a constant engagement with the past, present, and an eye toward the future. Time was nonlinear for Richard, for his present always drew from his aspirations toward the future tempered by his past understandings. This chapter notes key works and some of the prominent critiques. We see transitions in the later 60s in his embracing conflict and labeling analysis, toward Marxist analysis, first an instrumental version, then a more structural, then, to a religious socialism form near in the late 70s. We also note his ongoing interest in photography and self-discovery manifest in his writings.