Thinking Inside the Box: Using Graphic Novels to English Language Learners in the Social Studies Classroom

  • Carla K. MeyerEmail author
  • Laura J. Mahalingappa
  • Kristy A. Brugar
Part of the English Language Education book series (ELED, volume 17)


Too often in social studies classroom teachers rely too heavily on textbooks; yet, textbooks are often criticized for their challenging structures, demanding conceptual loads, and heavy language loads. Nonetheless, educators cannot ignore the recent call for reading in the content areas. This chapter will detail how to use a Sheltered model that incorporates an explicit focus on disciplinary language needs and development to teach English Language Learners history while investigating the role graphic novels and reflective inquiry play in their instruction.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carla K. Meyer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Laura J. Mahalingappa
    • 1
  • Kristy A. Brugar
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Instruction and Leadership in EducationDuquesne UniversityPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Instructional Leadership and Academic CurriculumUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA

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