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Automatization of Solar Concentrator Manufacture and Assembly

  • Tetyana Baydyk
  • Ernst Kussul
  • Donald C. Wunsch II
Chapter
Part of the Computational Intelligence Methods and Applications book series (CIMA)

Abstract

This section discusses an automatic adjustment system for the height of the support elements, arranged in a specific structure to achieve the approximation of a parabolic surface with the triangular mirrors of a solar concentrator. Wood’s 1982 patent [1] describes a triangular, flat-mirror parabolic concentrator that uses screws to adjust the heights of the vertices of each triangular mirror, and each screw can move six vertices of the neighboring triangles. The height is adjusted to direct the reflected solar beam from the mirrors to a focal point. This process is very complicated because the movement of one screw simultaneously affects six neighboring mirrors. Additionally, focusing all of the mirrors is necessary to solve many linear equations explicitly, or to use iterative approaches. It has been demonstrated in earlier chapters that one method for reducing the costs is to use flat-facet low-cost mirrors to approximate the parabolic dish. Increasing the number of flat-facet mirrors improves the approximation and efficiency, but also increases the cost of manufacturing. More mirrors also require more time to individually place all mirrors. Thus, automation is a logical method for reducing the cost. Computer vision plays an important role in automation because it enables the detection of pieces, their positioning at the support frame, and quality control. The performance of this task can be improved by combining computer vision with artificial neural networks.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tetyana Baydyk
    • 1
  • Ernst Kussul
    • 1
  • Donald C. Wunsch II
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto de Ciencias Aplicadas y Tecnología (ICAT)Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)Mexico CityMexico
  2. 2.Dept. of Electrical and Computer EngineeringMissouri University of Science and TechnologyRollaUSA

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