Russian Soft Landers, Orbiters, and Rovers

  • Tom Lund
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)


Following exploration by impactor and flyby spacecraft, the Soviet Union (Russia) launched a series of soft landing spacecraft to the moon. That effort included spacecraft that landed on the moon and conducted photographic surveys; capable spacecraft that landed, gathered samples of soil, and returned the samples to earth; and spacecraft that orbited the moon. Lunar roving vehicles were also soft-landed on the moon. Driven from earth, these vehicles conducted sophisticated scientific experiments during lengthy sorties on the lunar surface.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tom Lund
    • 1
  1. 1.San DiegoUSA

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