Factor Analysis of Synesthetic Perceptual Dimensions Using Aluminum Alloy Material Textures Surface in Industrial Products

  • Jialun HuangEmail author
  • Xiaozhou Zhou
  • Chengqi Xue
  • Lei Zhou
  • Yafeng Niu
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 876)


In the context of the rapid development of industrial design, selection and combination of materials have become a significant topic of design research. Material texture can be perceived by the sense of vision and touch, but previous academic studies have only focused on single channel perception of materials. Here, we explore the correlation between the factors of material synesthetic perception dimensions and the evaluation dimension of aluminum alloy material surface. Analysis reveals four major dimensions: “Color,” “Glory,” “Roughness,” and “Regularity.” These dimensions include three factors that previous studies have regarded as fundamental in different studies, as well as one new factors: “Regularity”. This new factor put forward new ideas from the perspective of visual-tactile perception. Additionally, we indicate that when the factors “color” and “Glory” effect separately, its significance on material perception is higher than their simultaneous effect.


Synesthesia perceptual dimensions Aluminum alloy material Texture surfaces Industrial products 



This work was supported by SAST Foundation of China (SAST No. 2016010) and Natural Fund of Jiangsu Province (No. BK20150636).


  1. 1.
    Choi, J.: Material selection by the evaluation of diffuse interface of material perception and product personality. Int. J. Interact. Des. Manuf. 11(4), 967–977 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sakamoto, M., Watanabe, J.: Exploring tactile perceptual dimensions using materials associated with sensory vocabulary. Front. Psychol. 8, 569 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bhatta, S.R., Tiippana, K., Vahtikari, K., Hughes, M., Kyttä, M.: Sensory and emotional perception of wooden surfaces through fingertip touch. Front. Psychol. 8, 367 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zuo, H.: The selection of materials to match human sensory adaptation and aesthetic expectation in industrial design. Metu J. Fac. Archit. 27(2), 301–319 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zuo, H., Mark, J., Tony, H., Robin, J.: Sensory perception of material texture in consumer products. Des. J. 19(3), 405–427 (2016)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Anderson, B.L.: Visual perception of materials and surfaces. Curr. Biol. 21(24), 978–983 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fleming, R.W.: Visual perception of materials and their properties. Vis. Res. 94, 62–75 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Katja, D., Roland, W.F., Ozgur, Y., Paul, R.S., Bruce, H., Daniel, K.: Visual motion and the perception of surface material. Curr. Biol. 21(23), 2010–2016 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schelleng, R.D., Gilman, P.S., Jatkar, A.D., et al.: Research on mechanically alloyed aluminum-alloy products for aerospace applications. J. Metals 36(7), 24–25 (1984)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Waka, F., Naokazu, G., Isamu, M., Hidehiko, K., Shin’ya, N.: Audiovisual integration in the human perception of materials. J. Vis. 14(4), 12 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Guest, S., Dessirier, J.M., Mehrabyan, A., McGlone, F., Essick, G., Gescheider, G., et al.: The development and validation of sensory and emotional scales of touch perception. Atten. Percept. Psychophys. 73, 531–550 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Melzack, R.: The McGill pain questionnaire: major properties and scoring methods. Pain 1, 277–288 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jialun Huang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xiaozhou Zhou
    • 1
  • Chengqi Xue
    • 1
  • Lei Zhou
    • 1
  • Yafeng Niu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Industrial Design, School of Mechanical EngineeringSoutheast UniversityNanjingChina

Personalised recommendations