Smart Textiles and Their Role in Monitoring the Body’s Fitness and Medical Conditions
Textiles are considered the “second skin” for humans, as they have direct contact with most parts of the body all the time. This allows “smart textiles” to monitor the body and maintain a record of its vital signs and physiological activities. In this paper we present advanced materials integrated into textiles to serve specific sensing and/or actuation purposes. The paper also survey the utilization of textile wearable devices to monitor breathing as one of their medical applications. Finally, the paper reports on the development for fibrous structures with chemosensing elements that can be integrated in cloths to act as a sensor for hazardous gases in the environment. This work shows the promising role of smart textiles in monitoring body’s fitness, diagnosing medical conditions, and alarming against possible issues.
KeywordsSmart textiles Thermochromic materials Chemosensor Body’s vital signs
The research reported in this paper was financially supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MŠMT) of the Czech Republic in the framework of the targeted support of the “National Programme for Sustainability I” (LO 1201). The forth author also acknowledges the support of the MŠMT and the European Union - European Structural and Investment Funds in the frames of Operational Programme Research, Development and Education - project Hybrid Materials for Hierarchical Structures (HyHi - Reg. No.: CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000843).
- 1.Kumar, V.: Synthesis and characterization of multidentate schiff base podands and their use as chemosensors and catalysts. Ph.D. thesis, Guru Nanak Dev University (2011)Google Scholar
- 12.Loriga, G., Taccini, N., De Rossi, D., Paradiso, R.: Textile sensing interfaces for cardiopulmonary signs monitoring. In: Proceedings of the Conference on IEEE Engineering Medicine and Biology Society, vol. 7, pp. 7349–7352 (2005)Google Scholar
- 14.Yang, C.M., Yang, T.L., Wu, C.C., Hung, S.H., Liao, M.H., Su, M.J., Hsieh, H.C.: Textile-based capacitive sensor for a wireless wearable breath monitoring system. In: Digest of Technical Papers - IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics, pp. 232–233 (2014)Google Scholar
- 16.Guo, L., Berglin, L., Li, Y.J., Mattila, H., Mehrjerdi, A.K., Skrifvars, M.: Disappearing Sensor’-textile based sensor for monitoring breathing. In: 2011 International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems Engineering (CASE), pp. 1–4 (2011)Google Scholar
- 17.Guo, L., Peterson, J., Qureshi, W., Kalantar Mehrjerdi, A., Skrifvars, M., Berglin, L.: Knitted wearable stretch sensor for breathing monitoring application (2011)Google Scholar