Education and Training of Road Safety Auditors on the Implementation of Human Factors Principles in Safe Road Design

  • Sophia VardakiEmail author
  • Evangelos Bekiaris
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 876)


Highway engineers are required to have the appropriate knowledge and tools to enable them to perform effectively in their work but must also be aware that road safety is everyone’s responsibility. The Greek road safety audit training program and educational materials developed for the training of engineers of highway projects who want to be certified as road safety auditors is the first official systematic effort for the training and certification of highway engineers working in the private and public sector. This paper presents the training objectives and an overview of the topic of ‘Human factors in safe road design’ of the training course and the educational material, which represents a new area in the training of highway engineers.


Human factors Road systems engineering Professional development Road safety management 


  1. 1.
    OECD/ITF (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development/International Transport Forum): Zero Road Deaths and Serious Injuries: Leading a Paradigm Shift to Safe System (2016)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    GGGR (Government Gazette of the Greek Republic): Approval of the certification scheme, General and Specific Guidelines, Training program and Educational material for the Accreditation of Road Safety Auditors. Second Issue. No. Sheet 1694, 13 June 2016Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vardaki, S., Dragomanovits, A., Gaitanidou, E., Mavromatis, S., Bekiaris, E., Kanellaidis, G.: Development of a training course for road safety auditors in Greece. In: 95th Annual Meeting of the TRB, pp. 10–14. TRB, Washington, D.C., (2016)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Austroads: Guide to Road Safety Part 6: Road Safety Audit, Austroads Publication No. AGRS06/09, Sydney (2009)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    DfT (Department for Transport): Design Manual for Roads & Bridges - Road Safety Audit (5). Assessment and preparation of road schemes Part 2. HD 19/15 Road Safety Audit. DfT – Highways Agency, London (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Belcher, M., Proctor, S., Cook, P.: Practical Road Safety Auditing, 3rd edn. TMS Consultancy and Thomas Telford Limited (2015)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Larsson, P., Tingvall, C.: The safe system approach – a road safety strategy based on human factors principles. In: Harris, D. (ed.) Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics. Applications and Services. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 8020, pp. 19–28. Springer, Heidelberg (2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kanellaidis, G., Vardaki, S.: Highway geometric design from the perspective of recent safety developments. ASCE J. Transp. Eng. Forum Piece 137(12), 841–844 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Theeuwes, J., Van der Horst, R., Kuiken, M.: Designing Safe Road Systems. Ashgate, Farnham (2012)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Campbell, J.L., Lichty, M.G., Brown, J.L., Richard, C.M., Graving, J.S., Graham, J.L., O’Laughlin, M., Torbic, D., Harwood, D.: Human Factors Guidelines for Road Systems. Presented at the NCHRP Report 600, 2nd edn. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, DC (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mackie, H.W., Charlton, S.G., Baas, P.H., Villasenor, P.C.: Road user behaviour changes following a self-explaining roads intervention. Acc. Anal. Prev. 50, 742–750 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gross, F., Jovanis, P.P.: Current state of highway safety education: safety course offerings in engineering and public health. ASCE J. Prof. Issues Eng. Educ. Pract. 134(1), 49–58 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Vardaki, S., Papadimitriou, F., Kopelias, P.: Road safety audit on a major freeway: implementing safety improvements. Eur. Transp. Res. Rev. 6(4), 387–395 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kim, C., Jackson, D., Keiller, P.: Interdisciplinary Team-Teaching Experience for a Computer and Nuclear Energy Course for Electrical and Computer Engineering Students. Am. J. Eng. Educ. 7(1), 1–8 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lambropoulos, S., Pantouvakis, J.P., Marinelli, M.: Reforming civil engineering studies in recession times. Proc. Soc. Behav. Sci. J. 119, 776–785 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Civil Engineering, Department of Transportation Planning and EngineeringNational Technical University of Athens (NTUA)‎AthensGreece
  2. 2.Center for Research and Technology Hellas (CERTH), Hellenic Institute of Transport (HIT)Thermi, ThessalonikiGreece

Personalised recommendations