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Biomechanical Digital Human Models: Chances and Challenges to Expand Ergonomic Evaluation

  • Markus PetersEmail author
  • Eric Quadrat
  • Alexander Nolte
  • Alexander Wolf
  • Jörg Miehling
  • Sandro Wartzack
  • Wolfgang Leidholdt
  • Sebastian Bauer
  • Lars Fritzsche
  • Sascha Wischniewski
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 876)

Abstract

Nowadays, ergonomic evaluation of work can be done using Digital Human Models (DHM). One advantage is to reduce the need for corrective measures by supporting a more prospective ergonomic work design. Although ergonomic models provide useful information for risk assessment, single working tasks with minor changes in work place design are difficult to evaluate. Instead, biomechanical models can analyze single movements or body postures, taking internal forces in muscles and joints into account. Therefore, the main goal of this work is to establish an interface between a biomechanical human model (AnyBody) and the “Editor for manual work activities” (ema) to enrich ergonomic evaluation with biomechanical parameters. First results demonstrate that the automatically generated movements of ema showed some specific deviations relative to the subjects’ movements in experimental conditions. Optimization of kinematic data in AnyBody is necessary to ensure more physiological movements which are highly valuable for ergonomic evaluation.

Keywords

Human factors Digital Human Models Ergonomics Biomechanics Anthropometry Risk assessment 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The project is funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy on the basis of a decision by the German Parliament (Funding no. ZF4263601BZ6).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Peters
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eric Quadrat
    • 2
  • Alexander Nolte
    • 2
  • Alexander Wolf
    • 3
  • Jörg Miehling
    • 3
  • Sandro Wartzack
    • 3
  • Wolfgang Leidholdt
    • 4
  • Sebastian Bauer
    • 4
  • Lars Fritzsche
    • 4
  • Sascha Wischniewski
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and HealthDortmundGermany
  2. 2.CADFEM GmbHGrafing bei MünchenGermany
  3. 3.Engineering DesignFriedrich-Alexander-UniversitätErlangenGermany
  4. 4.imk automotive GmbHChemnitzGermany

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